バイオガスアップグレード: 技術と世界市場

出版:BCC Research(BCCリサーチ) 出版年月:2023年 1月

Biogas Upgrading: Technologies and Global Markets
バイオガスアップグレード: 技術と世界市場

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Report Highlights

The global market for biogas upgrading equipment is estimated to increase from $1.4 billion in 2022 to $3.8 billion by 2027, at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 21.1% from 2022 through 2027.

Summary:

Biogas is generated through a microbial fermentation process known as anaerobic digestion (AD), by which various waste streams can be cost-effectively converted into sources of electricity and thermal energy. At the heart of the technology is the anaerobic digester, which in combination with a turbine or gas engine, can serve as a complete power plant. Solid waste landfills also generate a recoverable biological gas through natural AD. Large quantities of gaseous fuel methane can be produced by the process; a valuable by-product in the form of fertilizer is also generated.

While considerable buzz and media attention has focused on a future “hydrogen economy” anticipated to replace the present one based on fossil fuel energy, a genuine biogas economy has been quietly emerging in Europe and Asia. Increasingly, the process is making inroads into the U.S. and other countries as a sustainable energy alternative.

Biogas is defined as a multilateral source of renewable energy that has the ability to replace conventional fuels in the generation of power and heat. It can also be utilized as a gaseous fuel for vehicles. Upgraded biogas or biomethane is an ideal alternative to natural gas.

 

Owing to soaring global demand for carbon neutrality and renewable energy, a significant rise in demand for biomethane has been observed. Biomethane is also referred to as renewable natural gas or RNG. Favorable policies focused on divesting from imported natural gas, alternative fuel standards, diversion of food waste from landfills, as well as tax credits have played a key role in bolstering demand for biomethane.

Legislation and the desire to cut greenhouse gas emissions (GHGs) are the most important drivers for biogas plant construction. Kyoto Protocol requirements and specifications of the EU Renewable Energy Directive (RED) are two examples of this type of legislation. Energy security, the desire to draw on domestic fuel resources, and elimination of the expense and price volatility of imported fossil fuel also encourage interest in biogas. Worldwide, most countries have targets for renewable energy production, GHG mitigation or laws related to minimizing harmful landfill emissions.

Large-scale AD waste treatment can help reduce GHGs in a number of ways: by directly replacing fossil fuels, minimizing energy use at waste treatment plants, lowering methane emissions from landfill sites, lessening transportation costs related to waste hauling, reducing electrical grid losses and replacing chemical fertilizers with organic products. Unlike liquid biofuels, biogas, for the most part, eliminates the food vs. fuel debate by using waste materials instead of energy crops.

With varying levels of clean-up, also called upgrading, biogas can be used in the same end uses as natural gas, namely, heat and power production, insertion into the pipeline and as vehicle fuel. With improved technologies and market support, biogas might also find application in ships or planes.

Report Scope:

The scope of this report covers the global market for biogas upgrading equipment and as well as analysis its various segments. Market figures are based on the revenues derived from equipment sales and are projected in constant 2021 dollars (i.e., inflation is not computed into the projection figures). The revenue figures are derived from estimated revenues of the key players in a particular year.

A discussion of the global market by region includes overviews of North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific and the Rest of the World, with individual profiles for countries most active in each region. Present market status, biogas upgrading plant installations, and policies and incentives that support the industry are given for each country. All market valuations and projections cover the years from 2022 to 2027.

A technology overview, a discussion on the structure of the industry and brief profiles for major participating companies are included. The machinery used to transform the gas to electricity (reciprocating and other types of gas engines, turbine and microturbines, and fuel cells) is not included in the analysis.

Report Includes:

– 58 data tables and 43 additional tables
– Detailed overview and an up-to-date analysis of the global markets for biogas upgrading equipment and related sustainable energy technologies
– Analyses of the global market trends, with historic market revenue data (sales figures) for 2021, estimates for 2022, forecasts for 2026, and projections of compound annual growth rates (CAGRs) through 2027
– Highlights of the current and future growth potential for biogas upgrading technologies market, and major regions and countries involved in market developments
– Estimation of the actual market size and revenue forecast for global biogas upgrading market, and its corresponding market share analysis based on application, feedstock source, end use, and region
– Discussion of the major market dynamics of the biogas upgrading industry, benefits of biogas energy, production potential, regulatory updates, manufacturing trends, upcoming technologies, and the impact of Russia-Ukraine war on biogas industry
– Market outlook of the biogas upgrading applications and technologies with respect to the plant installations, equipment sales, and their cumulative comparison in units and operational costs
– Review of the biogas value chain analysis a systematic study of key intermediaries involved, with emphasis on manufacturers, suppliers, and major types of end users of these products
– Insight into the recent industry structure for biogas, leading upgrading companies and their installed capacity, along with the country specific policies and incentives supporting the biogas industry
– Identification of the major stakeholders and analysis of the company competitive landscape based on their recent market developments, financial performance, and segmental revenues
– Descriptive company profiles of the leading global players, including Air Liquide, DGE GmbH, Eisenmann Corp., EnviTec Biogas AG, GM Green Methane s.r.l., Pentair Haffmans, and Xebec Adsorption Inc.


目次

Table of Contents
Chapter 1 Introduction
1.1 Study Goals and Objectives
1.2 Reasons for Doing This Study
1.3 What’s New in This Update?
1.4 Intended Audience
1.5 Scope of Report
1.6 Information Sources
1.7 Methodology
1.8 Geographic Breakdown
1.9 Analyst’s Credentials
1.10 BCC Custom Research
1.11 Related BCC Research Reports
Chapter 2 Summary and Highlights
Chapter 3 Technology Overview
3.1 Background
3.2 Benefits of Biogas Energy
3.3 Advantages of Biogas Compared to Other Forms of Renewable Energy
3.4 Barriers to Large-Scale Biogas Plant Deployment
3.5 Benefits of Small-Scale Biogas Installations
3.6 Barriers to Small-Scale Biogas Installations
3.7 Global Biogas Production Potential
3.8 Factors Influencing the Biogas Industry
3.8.1 Policy
3.8.2 Incentives
3.9 History of Biogas
3.10 Biogas Value Chain
3.10.1 Anaerobic Digestion
3.10.2 Biogas
3.10.3 Digestate
Chapter 4 Market Dynamics
4.1 Market Dynamics
4.1.1 Market Drivers
4.1.2 Market Challenges
4.1.3 Market Opportunities
4.2 Impact of the Russia-Ukraine War
Chapter 5 Biogas Upgrading Technologies
5.1 Introduction
5.2 Applications
5.2.1 Hydrogen Sulfide (H2S)
5.2.2 Water Vapor
5.2.3 Ammonia
5.2.4 Particles
5.2.5 Siloxanes
5.2.6 Halogenated Hydrocarbons
5.2.7 Oxygen
5.2.8 Nitrogen
5.2.9 Carbon Dioxide
5.3 Biogas Upgrading Technologies
5.3.1 Pressure Swing Adsorption (PSA)
5.3.2 Water Scrubbing
5.3.3 Physical Absorption-Chemical Scrubbing with Polyethylene Glycol
5.3.4 Chemical Absorption-Chemical Scrubbing with Organic (Amine) Solvents
5.3.5 Membrane Technology
5.3.6 Cryogenic Upgrading
5.3.7 Environmental Effects of Gas Cleanup Technologies
5.3.8 Emerging Upgrading Technologies
5.4 Global Market for Biogas Upgrading Equipment by Technology
5.4.1 Pressure Swing Absorption (PSA) Technology
5.4.2 Water Scrubbing Technology
5.4.3 Chemical Absorption Technology
5.4.4 Physical Absorption Technology
5.4.5 Membrane Separation Technology
5.4.6 Cryogenic Technology
Chapter 6 Global Market for Biogas Upgrading by Feedstock Source
6.1 Introduction
6.2 Municipal Wastewater Feedstock
6.3 Biowaste Feedstock
6.4 Agricultural Wastes and Energy Crop Feedstock
6.5 Landfill Gas Feedstock
6.5.1 Anaerobic Digestion in a Landfill
Chapter 7 Global Market for Biogas Upgrading Equipment by End Use
7.1 Introduction
7.2 Grid Injection
7.2.1 Grid Access
7.2.2 Transportation Fuel
7.3 Global Market for Biogas Upgrading Equipment by End Use
7.3.1 Gas Grid
7.3.2 Transportation/Vehicle Fuel
7.3.3 Gas Grid Vehicle Fuel
Chapter 8 Global Market for Biogas Upgrading Equipment by Region
8.1 Introduction
8.2 Global Market for Biogas Upgrading Equipment by Region
8.2.1 North America
8.2.2 Europe
8.2.3 Asia-Pacific
8.2.4 Rest of the World
Chapter 9 Industry Structure
9.1 Introduction
9.2 Recent Market Developments
9.3 Production Capacity, by Company, 2022
Chapter 10 Company Profiles
AIR LIQUIDE
BRIGHT RENEWABLES B.V.
BIOSLING AB
CARBOTECH GAS SYSTEMS GMBH
CIRMAC
CRYOSTAR
DGE GMBH
DMT ENVIRONMENTAL TECHNOLOGY
EISENMANN
ENVITEC BIOGAS AG
ETW ENERGIETECHNIK
FIRMGREEN INC.
FUTURE BIOGAS LTD.
GM GREEN METHANE S.R.L.
GREENLANE BIOGAS
GASREC
GASTECHNIK HIMMEL (GTH)
GASTREATMENT SERVICES BV (GTS)
GUILD ASSOCIATES
HAMWORTHY
HERA CLEANTECH
KIS GROUP
MAHLER
MALMBERG WATER
PENTAIR HAFFMANS
SCHWELM ANLAGENTECHNIK (SAT)
STRABAG UMWELTANLAGEN GMBH
SYSADVANCE
WARTSILA
XEBEC ADSORPTION

List of Tables
Summary Table : Global Market for Biogas Upgrading Equipment, by Region, Through 2027
Table 1 : Suitable Feedstocks for Anaerobic Digestion
Table 2 : Typical Composition of Biogas, by Compound
Table 3 : Comparison of Cost, Yield and Purity for Different Upgrading Technologies
Table 4 : Capital Equipment Costs of Chemical Absorption Biogas Upgrading, by Equipment
Table 5 : Operating Costs of Chemical Absorption Biogas Upgrading
Table 6 : Capital Equipment Costs of Chemical Absorption Biogas Upgrading
Table 7 : Operating Costs of Chemical Absorption Biogas Upgrading
Table 8 : Capital Equipment Costs of Water Scrubbing Biogas Upgrading
Table 9 : Operating Costs of Water Scrubbing Biogas Upgrading
Table 10 : Capital Equipment Costs of PSA Biogas Upgrading
Table 11 : Operating Costs of PSA Biogas Upgrading
Table 12 : Capital Equipment Costs of Cryogenic Biogas Upgrading
Table 13 : Operating Costs of Cryogenic Biogas Upgrading
Table 14 : Capital Equipment Costs of Membrane-Based Biogas Upgrading
Table 15 : Operating Costs of Membrane-Based Biogas Upgrading
Table 16 : Maximum H2S Concentration in Biogas for Various Applications
Table 17 : Maximum Sulfur Concentration in Biomethane for Grid Injection
Table 18 : Comparison of H2S Removal Technologies
Table 19 : Maximum Moisture Content in Biomethane for Grid Injection
Table 20 : Maximum Oxygen Concentration in Biomethane for Grid Injection
Table 21 : Maximum CO2 Concentration in Biomethane for Grid Injection
Table 22 : Key Economic and Energy Indicators, and the Environmental Impacts of Biogas Upgrading Technologies
Table 23 : Major Manufacturers of PSA Technology for Biogas Upgrading
Table 24 : Major Manufacturers of Water Scrubbing Technology for Biogas Upgrading
Table 25 : Major Manufacturers of Chemical Absorption Technology for Biogas Upgrading
Table 26 : Major Manufacturers of Membrane Technology for Biogas Upgrading
Table 27 : Major Manufacturers of Cryogenic Technology for Biogas Upgrading
Table 28 : Comparison of Major Biogas Upgrading Technologies
Table 29 : Global Market for Biogas Upgrading Equipment, by Technology, Through 2027
Table 30 : Cumulative Comparison of Major Biogas Upgrading Technologies in IEA Bioenergy Task 37 Member Countries, 2015–2019
Table 31 : Cumulative Comparison of Major Biogas Upgrading Technologies in Non-Task 37 Member Countries, 2019
Table 32 : Global Market for Pressure Swing Absorption Technology, by Region, Through 2027
Table 33 : Global Market for Water Scrubbing Technology, by Region, Through 2027
Table 34 : Global Market for Chemical Absorption Technology, by Region, Through 2027
Table 35 : Global Market for Physical Absorption Technology, by Region, Through 2027
Table 36 : Global Market for Membrane Separation Technology, by Region, Through 2027
Table 37 : Global Market for Cryogenic Technology, by Region, Through 2027
Table 38 : Global Market for Biogas Upgrading Equipment, by Feedstock Source, Through 2027
Table 39 : Global Market for Biogas Upgrading Equipment for Municipal Water Feedstock Sources, by Region, Through 2027
Table 40 : Global Market for Biogas Upgrading Equipment for Biowaste Feedstock Sources, by Region, Through 2027
Table 41 : Global Market for Biogas Upgrading Equipment for Agriculture and Energy Crop Feedstock Sources, by Region, Through 2027
Table 42 : Global Market for Biogas Upgrading Equipment for Landfill Feedstock Sources, by Region, Through 2027
Table 43 : Global NGVs and NG Fueling Stations, 2019
Table 44 : Global NGV Statistics, by Region, 2019
Table 45 : Global Natural Gas Fueling Stations, by Region, 2019
Table 46 : Selected Standard Biomethane Requirements for Grid Injection or for Utilization as Vehicle Fuel
Table 47 : Global Market for Biogas Upgrading Equipment, by End Use, Through 2025
Table 48 : Global Market for Biogas Upgrading Equipment for Gas Grids, by Region, Through 2027
Table 49 : Global Market for Biogas Upgrading Equipment for Vehicle Fuel, by Region, Through 2027
Table 50 : Global Market for Biogas Upgrading Equipment for Gas Grid Vehicle Fuel, by Region, Through 2027
Table 51 : Global Market Analysis of Biogas Upgrading Plants Installed, by Region, 2019
Table 52 : Global Market for Biogas Upgrading Equipment, by Region, Through 2027
Table 53 : North American Market for Biogas Upgrading Equipment, by Technology, Through 2027
Table 54 : North American Market for Biogas Upgrading Equipment, by End Use, Through 2027
Table 55 : North American Market for Biogas Upgrading Equipment, by Feedstock Source, Through 2027
Table 56 : North American Market for Biogas Upgrading Equipment, by Country, Through 2027
Table 57 : Biogas Upgrading Plants in North America, by Country, 2020
Table 58 : Biogas Upgrading Plants in the U.S., 2020
Table 59 : Biogas Upgrading Plants in Canada, 2020
Table 60 : Feed-in Tariffs for Biogas in Ontario Province
Table 61 : European Market for Biogas Upgrading Equipment, by Technology, Through 2027
Table 62 : European Market for Biogas Upgrading Equipment, by End Use, Through 2027
Table 63 : European Market for Biogas Upgrading Equipment, by Feedstock Source, Through 2027
Table 64 : European Market for Biogas Upgrading Equipment, by Country, Through 2027
Table 65 : Biogas Upgrading Plants in Europe, by Country, 2020
Table 66 : Biogas Upgrading Plants in Austria, 2020
Table 67 : Biogas Upgrading Plants in Denmark, 2020
Table 68 : Biogas Upgrading Plants in Estonia, 2020
Table 69 : Biogas Production Status: Finland, 2020
Table 70 : Biogas Use: Finland, 2019
Table 71 : Biogas Upgrading Facilities in Finland, 2020
Table 72 : Biogas Upgrading Plants in France, 2020
Table 73 : Biogas Production Status: Germany, 2020
Table 74 : Biogas Upgrading Equipment Plants in Germany, 2020
Table 75 : Biogas Upgrading Plants in Hungary, 2020
Table 76 : Biogas Upgrading Plant in Iceland, 2020
Table 77 : Biogas Production: Ireland, 2021
Table 78 : Biogas Upgrading Plants in Ireland, 2020
Table 79 : Biogas Upgrading Plants in Luxembourg, 2020
Table 80 : Biogas Upgrading Plants in the Netherlands, 2020
Table 81 : Biogas Upgrading Plants in Norway, 2020
Table 82 : Biogas Upgrading Plants in Spain, 2020
Table 83 : Biogas Upgrading Plants in Sweden, 2020
Table 84 : Biogas Upgrading Plants in Switzerland, 2020
Table 85 : Biogas Upgrading Plants in the U.K., 2020
Table 86 : Asia-Pacific Market for Biogas Upgrading Equipment, by Technology, Through 2027
Table 87 : Asia-Pacific Market for Biogas Upgrading Equipment, by End Use, Through 2027
Table 88 : Asia-Pacific Market for Biogas Upgrading Equipment, by Feedstock Source, Through 2025
Table 89 : Asia-Pacific Market for Biogas Upgrading Equipment, by Country, Through 2027
Table 90 : Biogas Upgrading Plants in Asia-Pacific, by Country, 2019
Table 91 : Few Biogas Upgrading Plants in China, 2019
Table 92 : MNRE-Approved Biomethane Bottling Projects, 2010-2020
Table 93 : Biogas Upgrading Plants in Japan, 2019
Table 94 : Biogas Upgrading Plants in South Korea, 2019
Table 95 : Rest of the World Market for Biogas Upgrading Equipment, by Technology, Through 2027
Table 96 : Rest of the World Market for Biogas Upgrading Equipment, by End Use, Through 2027
Table 97 : Rest of the World Market for Biogas Upgrading Equipment, by Feedstock Source, Through 2025
Table 98 : Usage of Biogas in Brazil, 2021
Table 99 : Biogas Upgrading Plants in Brazil, 2019
Table 100 : Key Developments in the Global Biogas Upgrading Equipment Market, 2021–2022

List of Figures
Summary Figure : Global Market for Biogas Upgrading Equipment, by Region, 2021-2027
Figure 1 : Total Primary Energy Supply Worldwide, 2000-2019
Figure 2 : Percentage Rise in Renewables, 2000-2019
Figure 3 : Shares of Global Greenhouse Gas Emissions, by Type of Gas
Figure 4 : Value Chain Analysis of Biogas
Figure 5 : Market Dynamics: Drivers and Challenges
Figure 6 : Global Biomethane Demand, by Sector in the Stated Policies Scenario, 2018-2040
Figure 7 : Market Shares of Growth Potential of RNG in North America
Figure 8 : Market Growth Potential of RNG in North America, 2020-2030
Figure 9 : Biogas Upgrading Technologies
Figure 10 : Global Market Shares of Biogas Upgrading Equipment, by Technology, 2021
Figure 11 : Global Market for Pressure Swing Absorption Technology, 2021-2027
Figure 12 : Global Market Shares of Pressure Swing Absorption Technology, by Region, 2021
Figure 13 : Global Market Shares of Pressure Swing Absorption Technology, by Region, 2021
Figure 14 : Global Market Shares of Water Scrubbing Technology, by Region, 2021
Figure 15 : Global Market for Chemical Absorption Technology, 2021-2027
Figure 16 : Global Market Shares of Chemical Absorption Technology, by Region, 2021
Figure 17 : Global Market for Physical Absorption Technology, 2021-2027
Figure 18 : Global Market Shares of Physical Absorption Technology, by Region, 2021
Figure 19 : Global Market for Membrane Separation Technology, 2021-2027
Figure 20 : Global Market Shares of Membrane Separation Technology, by Region, 2021
Figure 21 : Global Market for Cryogenic Technology, 2021-2027
Figure 22 : Global Market Shares of Biogas Upgrading Equipment, by Feedstock Source, 2021
Figure 23 : Global Market for Biogas Upgrading Equipment for Municipal Water Feedstock Sources, 2021-2027
Figure 24 : Global Market Shares of Biogas Upgrading Equipment for Municipal Water Feedstock Sources, by Region, 2021
Figure 25 : Global Market for Biogas Upgrading Equipment for Biowaste Feedstock Sources, 2021-2027
Figure 26 : Global Market Shares of Biogas Upgrading Equipment for Biowaste Feedstock Sources, by Region, 2021
Figure 27 : Global Market for Biogas Upgrading Equipment for Agriculture and Energy Crop Feedstock Sources, 2021-2027
Figure 28 : Global Market Shares of Biogas Upgrading Equipment for Agriculture and Energy Crop Feedstock Sources, by Region, 2021
Figure 29 : Global Market for Biogas Upgrading Equipment for Landfill Feedstock Sources, 2021-2027
Figure 30 : Global Market Shares of Biogas Upgrading Equipment for Landfill Feedstock Sources, by Region, 2021
Figure 31 : Global Market Shares of Natural Gas Vehicles, by Region, 2019
Figure 32 : Global Market Shares of Biogas Upgrading Equipment, by End Use , 2021
Figure 33 : Global Market for Biogas Upgrading Equipment for Gas Grids, by End Use, 2021-2027
Figure 34 : Global Market Shares of Biogas Upgrading Equipment for Gas Grids, by Region, 2021
Figure 35 : Global Market for Biogas Upgrading Equipment for Vehicle Fuel, 2021-2027
Figure 36 : Global Market Shares of Biogas Upgrading Equipment for Vehicle Fuel, by Region, 2021
Figure 37 : Global Market for Biogas Upgrading Equipment for Gas Grid Vehicle Fuel, 2021-2027
Figure 38 : Global Market Analysis of Biogas Upgrading Plants Installed, by Region, 2019
Figure 39 : Global Market for Biogas Upgrading Equipment, by Region, 2021-2027
Figure 40 : North American Market Shares of Biogas Upgrading Equipment, by Technology, 2021
Figure 41 : North American Market Shares of Biogas Upgrading Equipment, by End Use, 2021
Figure 42 : North American Market Shares of Biogas Upgrading Equipment, by Feedstock Source, 2021
Figure 43 : North American Market Shares of Biogas Upgrading Equipment, by Country, 2021
Figure 44 : European Market Shares of Biogas Upgrading Equipment, by Technology, 2021
Figure 45 : European Market Shares of Biogas Upgrading Equipment, by End Use, 2021
Figure 46 : European Market Shares of Biogas Upgrading Equipment, by Feedstock Source, 2021
Figure 47 : European Market Shares of Biogas Upgrading Equipment, by Country, 2021
Figure 48 : Number of Biomethane Plants in Europe, 2017-2021
Figure 49 : Share of Biomethane Plants in Europe, by Feedstock Source, 2020
Figure 50 : Share of Biomethane Plants in Europe, by Technology, 2020
Figure 51 : Share of Biomethane Plants in Europe, by Country, 2020
Figure 52 : Asia-Pacific Market Shares of Biogas Upgrading Equipment, by Technology, 2021
Figure 53 : Asia-Pacific Market Shares of Biogas Upgrading Equipment, by End Use, 2021
Figure 54 : Asia-Pacific Market Shares of Biogas Upgrading Equipment, by Feedstock Source, 2021
Figure 55 : Asia-Pacific Market Shares of Biogas Upgrading Equipment, by Country, 2021
Figure 56 : Rest of the World Market Shares of Biogas Upgrading Equipment, by Technology, 2021
Figure 57 : Rest of the World Market Shares of Biogas Upgrading Equipment, by End Use, 2021
Figure 58 : Rest of the World Market Shares of Biogas Upgrading Equipment, by Feedstock Source, 2021
Figure 59 : Global Biogas Upgrading Supplied Capacity, by Company, 2022
Figure 60 : Air Liquide: Group Revenue, 2019-2021
Figure 61 : Air Liquide: Group Revenue Share, by Region, 2021
Figure 62 : Air Liquide: Group Revenue Share, by End-User Industry, 2021
Figure 63 : EnviTec Biogas AG: Sales, 2020 and 2021
Figure 64 : Greenlane Biogas: Revenue, 2020 and 2021
Figure 65 : Wartsila: Annual Sales, 2019-2021
Figure 66 : Wartsila: Sales Share, by Region, 2021
Figure 67 : Xebec Adsorption Inc.: Revenue, 2019-2021


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