FSO & VLC/Li-Fi 市場 : 2028年までの世界予測

出版:MarketsandMarkets(マーケッツアンドマーケッツ) 出版年月:2023年 1月

FSO & VLC/Li-Fi 市場 : FSO のコンポーネント、FSOの 用途、FSOの垂直市場、VLCの コンポーネント (LED、光検出器、マイクロコントローラー、ソフトウェア)、伝送タイプ、VLC 用途、地域別 (南北アメリカ、ヨーロッパ、アジア太平洋、RoW) – 2028年までの世界予測
FSO & VLC/Li-Fi Market by FSO Component, FSO Application, FSO Vertical, VLC Component (LED, Photodetector, Microcontroller, Software), Transmission Type, VLC Application and Region (Americas, Europe, Asia Pacific and RoW) – Global Forecast to 2028

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MarketsandMarkets(マーケッツアンドマーケッツ)「FSO & VLC/Li-Fi 市場 : FSO のコンポーネント、FSOの 用途、FSOの垂直市場、VLCの コンポーネント (LED、光検出器、マイクロコントローラー、ソフトウェア)、伝送タイプ、VLC 用途、地域別 (南北アメリカ、ヨーロッパ、アジア太平洋、RoW) – 2028年までの世界予測 – FSO & VLC/Li-Fi Market by FSO Component, FSO Application, FSO Vertical, VLC Component (LED, Photodetector, Microcontroller, Software), Transmission Type, VLC Application and Region (Americas, Europe, Asia Pacific and RoW) – Global Forecast to 2028」は世界の自由空間光通信(FSO)および可視光通信(VLC)/ Li-Fi市場を調査し、主要セグメント別に分析・予測を行っています。

Report Overview

The FSO & VLC/Li-Fi market is projected to grow from USD 3.3 billion in 2023 to USD 18.2 billion by 2028, registering a CAGR of 40.3% during the forecast period.

FSO & VLC/Li-Fi 市場 : FSO のコンポーネント、FSOの 用途、FSOの垂直市場、VLCの コンポーネント (LED、光検出器、マイクロコントローラー、ソフトウェア)、伝送タイプ、VLC 用途、地域別 (南北アメリカ、ヨーロッパ、アジア太平洋、RoW) - 2028年までの世界予測 FSO & VLC/Li-Fi Market by FSO Component, FSO Application, FSO Vertical, VLC Component (LED, Photodetector, Microcontroller, Software), Transmission Type, VLC Application and Region (Americas, Europe, Asia Pacific and RoW) - Global Forecast to 2028

Key factors fueling the growth of this market include the alternative solution to overburdened RF technology for outdoor networking, last-mile connectivity, faster and safer data transfer than other challenging technologies, and less energy consumption by LEDs. The demand for Li-Fi technology is increasing across the world to provide secure communications with high data bandwidth, and so on. Various applications such as healthcare, consumer electronics, defense, and commercial create a strong demand for FSO & VLC/Li-Fi market due to efficient industrial operations and thus drive the FSO & VLC/Li-Fi market growth. However, the high price of FSO is hindering the growth of the FSO & VLC/Li-Fi market.
“Market for healthcare and underwater communication applications to grow at higher CAGR during forecast period”
The FSO market for healthcare applications and the VLC market for underwater communication applications are expected to grow with the highest CAGR during the forecast period. FSOs are hugely deployed in healthcare applications where wireless communication through radio waves is not allowed due to potential health hazards. On the other hand, underwater communications rely on acoustic technologies that limit the speeds to a fraction of terrestrial wireless systems. RF does not work underwater, but visible light can support high-speed data transmission over short distances in this environment. VLC can be a safe alternative to RF communication and serve the purpose of this untapped application area.

“Asia Pacific to witness highest growth among other regions during forecast period”
Asia Pacific is expected to dominate the FSO & VLC/Li-Fi market during the forecast period. The region is projected to account for the largest share of the FSO and VLC by 2025. The FSO and VLC market here is expected to grow at the highest CAGR during the forecast period. Increasing manufacturing facilities, advanced infrastructure, and the growing computer-aided design (CAD) industry are driving the FSO market here. Also, with the recent developments and increased expenditure on VLC-related R&D activities, the Asia Pacific region is expected to be the fastest-growing market for VLC during the forecast period. Similarly, end-user industries such as automotive, aerospace & defense, and consumer electronics are expected to create huge opportunities for VLC or Li-Fi solution providers.

FSO & VLC/Li-Fi 市場 : FSO のコンポーネント、FSOの 用途、FSOの垂直市場、VLCの コンポーネント (LED、光検出器、マイクロコントローラー、ソフトウェア)、伝送タイプ、VLC 用途、地域別 (南北アメリカ、ヨーロッパ、アジア太平洋、RoW) - 2028年までの世界予測 FSO & VLC/Li-Fi Market by FSO Component, FSO Application, FSO Vertical, VLC Component (LED, Photodetector, Microcontroller, Software), Transmission Type, VLC Application and Region (Americas, Europe, Asia Pacific and RoW) - Global Forecast to 2028

In determining and verifying the market size for several segments and subsegments gathered through secondary research, extensive primary interviews have been conducted with key industry experts in the FSO & VLC/Li-Fi market. The break-up of primary participants for the report is as shown below:
• By company type: Tier 1—45 %, Tier 2—30%, and Tier 3—25%
• By designation: C-Level Executives—30%, Directors—25%, and Others—45%
• By region: North America—45%, Europe—30%, Asia Pacific—2s0%, and RoW—5%
The report profiles key players in the FSO & VLC/Li-Fi market with their respective market ranking analyses. Prominent players profiled in this report include fSONA Networks Corp. (Canada), Wireless Excellence Limited (UK), Signify Holding (Netherlands), Oledcomm (France), Lucibel (France), pureLiFi Limited (UK), Acuity Brands (US), Panasonic Corporation (Japan), Fraunhofer HHI (Germany), and Trimble Hungary (Hungary), among others.

FSO & VLC/Li-Fi 市場 : FSO のコンポーネント、FSOの 用途、FSOの垂直市場、VLCの コンポーネント (LED、光検出器、マイクロコントローラー、ソフトウェア)、伝送タイプ、VLC 用途、地域別 (南北アメリカ、ヨーロッパ、アジア太平洋、RoW) - 2028年までの世界予測 FSO & VLC/Li-Fi Market by FSO Component, FSO Application, FSO Vertical, VLC Component (LED, Photodetector, Microcontroller, Software), Transmission Type, VLC Application and Region (Americas, Europe, Asia Pacific and RoW) - Global Forecast to 2028
Research coverage
This research report categorizes the FSO & VLC/Li-Fi market based on component, transmission type, application, vertical, and region. The report describes the major drivers, restraints, challenges, and opportunities pertaining to the FSO & VLC/Li-Fi market and forecasts the same till 2028. The report also consists of leadership mapping and analysis of companies in the FSO & VLC/Li-Fi ecosystem.
Key benefits of buying report
The report will help market leaders/new entrants with information on the closest approximations of the revenue numbers for the FSO & VLC/Li-Fi market and the subsegments. This report will help stakeholders understand the competitive landscape and gain more insights to better position their businesses and plan suitable go-to-market strategies. The report also helps stakeholders understand the market’s pulse and provides information on key market drivers, restraints, challenges, and opportunities.


目次

1 INTRODUCTION 32
1.1 STUDY OBJECTIVES 32
1.2 MARKET DEFINITION AND SCOPE 32
1.2.1 INCLUSIONS & EXCLUSIONS 33
1.3 STUDY SCOPE 34
FIGURE 1 FSO MARKET: SEGMENTATION 34
FIGURE 2 VLC/LI-FI MARKET: SEGMENTATION 35
1.3.1 YEARS CONSIDERED 35
1.4 CURRENCY 36
1.5 VOLUME UNIT CONSIDERED 36
1.6 LIMITATIONS 36
1.7 STAKEHOLDERS 36
1.8 SUMMARY OF CHANGES 37
2 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY 38
2.1 RESEARCH DATA 38
FIGURE 3 FSO AND VLC/LI-FI MARKET: RESEARCH DESIGN 38
2.1.1 SECONDARY DATA 39
2.1.1.1 Major secondary sources 39
2.1.1.2 Key data from secondary sources 39
2.1.2 PRIMARY DATA 40
2.1.2.1 Key data from primary sources 40
2.1.2.2 Breakdown of primaries 41
2.1.3 SECONDARY AND PRIMARY RESEARCH 42
2.1.3.1 Key industry insights 43
2.2 MARKET SIZE ESTIMATION 43
2.2.1 BOTTOM-UP APPROACH 44
2.2.1.1 Estimating market size through bottom-up approach (demand side) 44
FIGURE 4 MARKET SIZE ESTIMATION METHODOLOGY: APPROACH 1 BOTTOM-UP (SUPPLY SIDE)— REVENUE GENERATED BY COMPANIES IN FSO
AND VLC/LI-FI MARKET 45
FIGURE 5 FSO AND VLC/LI-FI MARKET: BOTTOM-UP APPROACH 45
2.2.2 TOP-DOWN APPROACH 45
2.2.2.1 Methodology to capture market size using top-down approach 46
FIGURE 6 MARKET SIZE ESTIMATION METHODOLOGY: APPROACH 2 (SUPPLY SIDE): ILLUSTRATION OF REVENUE ESTIMATION FOR ONE COMPANY IN
FSO AND VLC/LI-FI MARKET 46
FIGURE 7 FSO AND VLC/LI-FI MARKET: TOP-DOWN APPROACH 46

2.3 MARKET BREAKDOWN AND DATA TRIANGULATION 47
FIGURE 8 DATA TRIANGULATION 47
2.4 RESEARCH ASSUMPTIONS 48
2.5 LIMITATIONS 48
2.6 RISK ASSESSMENT 48
3 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 49
FIGURE 9 FSO MARKET FOR DISASTER MANAGEMENT APPLICATION TO DOMINATE DURING FORECAST PERIOD 50
FIGURE 10 VLC/LI-FI MARKET, IN TERMS OF VALUE, BY COMPONENT, 2023 VS. 2028 51
FIGURE 11 VLC/LI-FI MARKET FOR UNDERWATER COMMUNICATION APPLICATION TO RECORD HIGHEST CAGR FROM 2023 TO 2028 51
FIGURE 12 FSO AND VLC /LI-FI MARKET FOR ASIA PACIFIC TO GROW AT HIGHEST RATE 52
4 PREMIUM INSIGHTS 53
4.1 ATTRACTIVE OPPORTUNITIES FOR PLAYERS IN FSO AND VLC/LI-FI MARKET 53
FIGURE 13 GROWING DEMAND FOR HIGH-SPEED INTERNET CONNECTIVITY TO BOOST FSO MARKET GROWTH 53
FIGURE 14 INCREASING USE OF SMART LIGHTING SOLUTIONS TO BOOST
VLC/LI-FI MARKET GROWTH 53
4.2 VLC/LI-FI MARKET, BY TRANSMISSION TYPE 54
FIGURE 15 BIDIRECTIONAL TRANSMISSION SEGMENT TO RECORD HIGHER CAGR FROM 2023 TO 2028 54
4.3 FSO AND VLC/LI-FI MARKET, BY APPLICATION 54
FIGURE 16 MOBILE BACKHAUL AND SMART STORES APPLICATIONS ACCOUNTED FOR LARGEST SHARES OF FSO AND VLC/LI-FI MARKETS, RESPECTIVELY, IN 2022 54
4.4 FSO AND VLC/LI-FI MARKET, BY REGION 55
FIGURE 17 FSO MARKET IN ASIA PACIFIC TO RECORD HIGHEST CAGR FROM
2023 TO 2028 55
FIGURE 18 VLC/LI-FI MARKET IN ASIA PACIFIC TO RECORD HIGHEST CAGR FROM 2023 TO 2028 55
5 MARKET OVERVIEW 56
5.1 INTRODUCTION 56
5.2 MARKET DYNAMICS 56
FIGURE 19 FSO MARKET: MARKET DYNAMICS 56
FIGURE 20 VLC/LI-FI MARKET: MARKET DYNAMICS 57
5.2.1 DRIVERS 57
5.2.1.1 FSO market 57
5.2.1.1.1 Effective alternative to RF technology for outdoor networking 57
5.2.1.1.2 Limited last mile connectivity 57
FIGURE 21 FSO MARKET: IMPACT OF DRIVERS 58

5.2.1.2 VLC/Li-Fi market 58
5.2.1.2.1 Ability to offer faster and safer data transfer 58
5.2.1.2.2 High growth of LEDs due to low energy consumption 59
FIGURE 22 LED LIGHTING SALES IN NET ZERO SCENARIO, 2016–2030 59
FIGURE 23 VLC/LI-FI MARKET: IMPACT OF DRIVERS 60
5.2.2 RESTRAINTS 60
5.2.2.1 FSO market 60
5.2.2.1.1 High installation cost for FSO solutions 60
FIGURE 24 FSO MARKET: IMPACT OF RESTRAINTS 60
5.2.2.2 VLC/Li-Fi market 60
5.2.2.2.1 Suited only to short-range communication applications 60
FIGURE 25 VLC/LI-FI MARKET: IMPACT OF RESTRAINTS 61
5.2.3 OPPORTUNITIES 61
5.2.3.1 FSO market 61
5.2.3.1.1 Increasing preference for FSO over RF in space programs 61
TABLE 1 RF VS. FSO FOR SPACE PROGRAMS 61
FIGURE 26 FSO MARKET: IMPACT OF OPPORTUNITIES 62
5.2.3.2 VLC/Li-Fi market 62
5.2.3.2.1 Growing adoption of Li-Fi in various industries 62
5.2.3.2.2 Emergence of new applications such as IoT and 5G 62
FIGURE 27 VLC/LI-FI MARKET: IMPACT OF OPPORTUNITIES 63
5.2.4 CHALLENGES 64
5.2.4.1 FSO market 64
5.2.4.1.1 Reliability issues due to fading of signals during propagation 64
TABLE 2 POWER LOSS IN FSO SYSTEMS DUE TO ENVIRONMENTAL INTERFERENCE 64
FIGURE 28 FSO MARKET: IMPACT OF CHALLENGES 65
5.2.4.2 VLC/Li-Fi market 65
5.2.4.2.1 Lack of technological awareness 65
FIGURE 29 VLC/LI-FI MARKET: IMPACT OF CHALLENGES 65
5.3 VALUE CHAIN ANALYSIS 65
FIGURE 30 VALUE CHAIN ANALYSIS: MAJOR VALUE ADDED TO FSO AND VLC/LI-FI MARKET 66
5.4 ECOSYSTEM/MARKET MAP 68
FIGURE 31 FSO AND VLC/LI-FI ECOSYSTEM 68
TABLE 3 COMPANIES AND THEIR ROLE IN FSO AND VLC/LI-FI ECOSYSTEM 69
5.5 PRICING ANALYSIS 70
5.5.1 AVERAGE SELLING PRICE (ASP) OF VARIOUS FSO AND VLC/LI-FI SOLUTIONS 70
TABLE 4 AVERAGE SELLING PRICE OF FSO AND LI-FI SOLUTIONS FROM 2021 TO 2022 70
FIGURE 32 AVERAGE SELLING PRICE OF KEY LI-FI PLAYERS (USD) 71
TABLE 5 AVERAGE SELLING PRICE OF KEY LI-FI PLAYERS (USD) 71

5.6 TRENDS/DISRUPTIONS IMPACTING CUSTOMERS’ BUSINESSES 71
5.6.1 REVENUE SHIFT & NEW REVENUE POCKETS FOR FSO AND
VLC/LI-FI PROVIDERS 72
FIGURE 33 REVENUE SHIFT FOR FSO AND VLC/LI-FI MARKET 72
5.7 TECHNOLOGY ANALYSIS 72
5.7.1 O2 TELEFONICA USES LI-FI FOR 5G AND BEYOND 72
5.7.2 ACUITY BRANDS, INC. OFFERS LI-FI TECHNOLOGY FOR RETAIL ENTITIES 72
5.7.3 ELIOT DEVELOPS IOT APPLICATIONS BASED ON LI-FI 73
5.8 PORTER’S FIVE FORCES ANALYSIS 73
TABLE 6 IMPACT OF PORTER’S FIVE FORCES ON FSO AND VLC/LI-FI MARKET 73
FIGURE 34 PORTER’S FIVE FORCES ANALYSIS: FSO AND VLC/LI-FI MARKET 74
5.8.1 INTENSITY OF COMPETITIVE RIVALRY 74
5.8.2 BARGAINING POWER OF SUPPLIERS 74
5.8.3 BARGAINING POWER OF BUYERS 75
5.8.4 THREAT OF SUBSTITUTES 75
5.8.5 THREAT OF NEW ENTRANTS 75
5.9 KEY STAKEHOLDERS & BUYING CRITERIA 75
5.9.1 KEY STAKEHOLDERS IN BUYING PROCESS 75
FIGURE 35 INFLUENCE OF STAKEHOLDERS ON BUYING PROCESS FOR TOP THREE FSO APPLICATIONS 75
TABLE 7 INFLUENCE OF STAKEHOLDERS ON BUYING PROCESS FOR TOP THREE FSO APPLICATIONS (%) 76
FIGURE 36 INFLUENCE OF STAKEHOLDERS ON BUYING PROCESS FOR TOP THREE VLC/LI-FI APPLICATIONS 76
TABLE 8 INFLUENCE OF STAKEHOLDERS ON BUYING PROCESS FOR TOP THREE VLC/LI-FI APPLICATIONS (%) 76
5.9.2 BUYING CRITERIA 77
FIGURE 37 KEY BUYING CRITERIA FOR TOP THREE FSO APPLICATIONS 77
TABLE 9 KEY BUYING CRITERIA FOR TOP THREE FSO APPLICATIONS 77
FIGURE 38 KEY BUYING CRITERIA FOR TOP THREE VLC/LI-FI APPLICATIONS 77
TABLE 10 KEY BUYING CRITERIA FOR TOP THREE VLC/LI-FI APPLICATIONS 78
5.10 CASE STUDY ANALYSIS 78
TABLE 11 EC SYSTEM’S FSO SYSTEM PROVIDES WIRELESS POINT-TO-POINT CONNECTION 78
TABLE 12 EC SYSTEM’S CABLE-FREE OPTICAL TECHNOLOGY DEPLOYED IN EBENE CYBER CITY IN MAURITIUS 79
TABLE 13 BABCOCK USES LI-FI TO IMPROVE INFORMATION GATHERING 79
5.11 TRADE ANALYSIS 80
FIGURE 39 IMPORT DATA, BY COUNTRY, 2017−2021 (USD THOUSAND) 80
FIGURE 40 EXPORT DATA, BY COUNTRY, 2017−2021 (USD THOUSAND) 81
5.12 PATENT ANALYSIS 82
FIGURE 41 COMPANIES WITH HIGHEST NUMBER OF FSO PATENT APPLICATIONS IN LAST 10 YEARS 82
TABLE 14 TOP 20 FSO PATENT OWNERS IN LAST 10 YEARS 82
FIGURE 42 NUMBER OF FSO PATENTS GRANTED PER YEAR, 2012−2022 83
FIGURE 43 COMPANIES WITH HIGHEST NUMBER OF VLC/LI-FI PATENT APPLICATIONS IN LAST 10 YEARS 83
TABLE 15 TOP 20 VLC/LI-FI PATENT OWNERS IN LAST 10 YEARS 84
FIGURE 44 NUMBER OF VLC/LI-FI PATENTS GRANTED PER YEAR, 2012−2022 85
5.12.1 MAJOR PATENTS 85
TABLE 16 MAJOR PATENTS IN FSO AND VLC/LI-FI MARKET 85
5.13 KEY CONFERENCES AND EVENTS, 2022–2023 90
TABLE 17 FSO AND VLC/LI-FI MARKET: CONFERENCES AND EVENTS 90
5.14 REGULATORY LANDSCAPE 92
5.14.1 REGULATORY BODIES, GOVERNMENT AGENCIES, AND OTHER ORGANIZATIONS RELATED TO FSO AND VLC/LI-FI 92
TABLE 18 NORTH AMERICA: REGULATORY BODIES, GOVERNMENT AGENCIES, AND OTHER ORGANIZATIONS 92
TABLE 19 EUROPE: REGULATORY BODIES, GOVERNMENT AGENCIES, AND OTHER ORGANIZATIONS 92
TABLE 20 ASIA PACIFIC: REGULATORY BODIES, GOVERNMENT AGENCIES, AND OTHER ORGANIZATIONS 93
TABLE 21 REST OF THE WORLD: REGULATORY BODIES, GOVERNMENT AGENCIES, AND OTHER ORGANIZATIONS 93
5.14.2 STANDARDS AND REGULATIONS RELATED TO FSO AND VLC/LI-FI 94
TABLE 22 NORTH AMERICA: SAFETY STANDARDS FOR FSO AND VLC/LI-FI MARKET 94
TABLE 23 EUROPE: SAFETY STANDARDS FOR FSO AND VLC/LI-FI MARKET 94
TABLE 24 ASIA PACIFIC: SAFETY STANDARDS FOR FSO AND VLC/LI-FI MARKET 94
TABLE 25 ROW: SAFETY STANDARDS FOR FSO AND VLC/LI-FI MARKET 95
6 FREE SPACE OPTICS (FSO) MARKET 96
6.1 FSO MARKET, BY COMPONENT 97
6.1.1 INTRODUCTION 97
FIGURE 45 FSO MARKET, BY COMPONENT 97
FIGURE 46 MODULATORS & DEMODULATORS SEGMENT TO SHOW HIGHEST GROWTH IN FSO MARKET DURING FORECAST PERIOD 97
TABLE 26 FSO MARKET, BY COMPONENT, 2019–2022 (USD MILLION) 98
TABLE 27 FSO MARKET, BY COMPONENT, 2023–2028 (USD MILLION) 98
6.1.2 TRANSMITTERS 98
6.1.2.1 Widespread use of LEDs as transmitters in FSO systems 98
6.1.3 RECEIVERS 98
6.1.3.1 Photodetectors suited for use as receivers in FSO systems 98
6.1.4 MODULATORS & DEMODULATORS 99
6.1.4.1 Ensure efficient communication in FSO systems 99
6.2 FSO MARKET, BY APPLICATION 99
6.2.1 INTRODUCTION 99
FIGURE 47 FSO MARKET, BY APPLICATION 99
FIGURE 48 FSO MARKET FOR HEALTHCARE APPLICATION TO GROW AT HIGHEST RATE DURING FORECAST PERIOD 100
TABLE 28 FSO MARKET, BY APPLICATION, 2019–2022 (USD MILLION) 100
TABLE 29 FSO MARKET, BY APPLICATION, 2023–2028 (USD MILLION) 101
6.2.2 MOBILE BACKHAUL 101
6.2.2.1 Use of FSO solutions for additional bandwidth 101
TABLE 30 TECHNOLOGIES IN MOBILE BACKHAUL 102
TABLE 31 CAPACITY OF VARIOUS MOBILE BACKHAUL TECHNOLOGIES 102
TABLE 32 ADVANTAGES OF FSO FOR MOBILE CARRIER BACKHAUL 103
TABLE 33 FSO MARKET FOR MOBILE BACKHAUL APPLICATION, BY REGION, 2019–2022 (USD MILLION) 103
TABLE 34 FSO MARKET FOR MOBILE BACKHAUL APPLICATION, BY REGION, 2023–2028 (USD MILLION) 103
6.2.3 ENTERPRISE CONNECTIVITY 104
6.2.3.1 FSO offers high resistance to signal interception 104
TABLE 35 FSO MARKET FOR ENTERPRISE CONNECTIVITY APPLICATION, BY REGION, 2019–2022 (USD MILLION) 104
TABLE 36 FSO MARKET FOR ENTERPRISE CONNECTIVITY APPLICATION, BY REGION, 2023–2028 (USD MILLION) 104
6.2.4 DISASTER RECOVERY 105
6.2.4.1 Use of FSO technology to establish quick communication in disaster areas 105
TABLE 37 FSO MARKET FOR DISASTER RECOVERY APPLICATION, BY REGION, 2019–2022 (USD MILLION) 105
TABLE 38 FSO MARKET FOR DISASTER RECOVERY APPLICATION, BY REGION, 2023–2028 (USD MILLION) 105
6.2.5 DEFENSE 106
6.2.5.1 Preference for FSO links to ensure secure and reliable communication 106
TABLE 39 FSO MARKET FOR DEFENSE APPLICATION, BY REGION, 2019–2022 (USD MILLION) 106
TABLE 40 FSO MARKET FOR DEFENSE APPLICATION, BY REGION, 2023–2028 (USD MILLION) 107
6.2.6 SATELLITE 107
6.2.6.1 High-speed data transfer makes FSO ideal for satellite applications 107
TABLE 41 FSO MARKET FOR SATELLITE APPLICATION, BY REGION, 2019–2022 (USD MILLION) 107
TABLE 42 FSO MARKET FOR SATELLITE APPLICATION, BY REGION, 2023–2028 (USD MILLION) 108
6.2.7 HEALTHCARE 108
6.2.7.1 Use of FSO technology to facilitate high-volume data transmission 108
FIGURE 49 FSO MARKET FOR HEALTHCARE APPLICATION IN EUROPE TO GROW AT HIGHEST RATE DURING FORECAST PERIOD 109
TABLE 43 FSO MARKET FOR HEALTHCARE APPLICATION, BY REGION, 2019–2022 (USD MILLION) 109
TABLE 44 FSO MARKET FOR HEALTHCARE APPLICATION, BY REGION, 2023–2028 (USD MILLION) 109

6.2.8 SECURITY 110
6.2.8.1 Adoption of FSO technology to evade threat of data interception 110
TABLE 45 FSO MARKET FOR SECURITY APPLICATION, BY REGION, 2019–2022 (USD MILLION) 110
TABLE 46 FSO MARKET FOR SECURITY APPLICATION, BY REGION, 2023–2028 (USD MILLION) 111
6.2.9 ENGINEERING & DESIGN 111
6.2.9.1 Growing use of FSO systems for end-to-end system simulations 111
TABLE 47 FSO MARKET FOR ENGINEERING & DESIGN APPLICATION, BY REGION, 2019–2022 (USD MILLION) 111
TABLE 48 FSO MARKET FOR ENGINEERING & DESIGN APPLICATION, BY REGION, 2023–2028 (USD MILLION) 111
6.2.10 OTHERS 112
TABLE 49 FSO MARKET FOR OTHER APPLICATIONS, BY REGION, 2019–2022 (USD MILLION) 112
TABLE 50 FSO MARKET FOR OTHER APPLICATIONS, BY REGION, 2023–2028 (USD MILLION) 112
6.3 FSO MARKET, BY VERTICAL 113
6.3.1 INTRODUCTION 113
FIGURE 50 FSO MARKET, BY VERTICAL 113
FIGURE 51 MEDICAL VERTICAL TO EXHIBIT HIGHEST CAGR IN FSO MARKET DURING FORECAST PERIOD 114
TABLE 51 FSO MARKET, BY VERTICAL, 2019–2022 (USD MILLION) 114
TABLE 52 FSO MARKET, BY VERTICAL, 2023–2028 (USD MILLION) 114
6.3.2 IT & TELECOMMUNICATIONS 115
6.3.2.1 Increasing demand for deployment of 5G networks 115
6.3.3 AEROSPACE & DEFENSE 115
6.3.3.1 Growing use of FSO communication technology due to high security and ease of deployment 115
6.3.4 CONSUMER ELECTRONICS 116
6.3.4.1 Increasing global demand for high-speed internet connectivity 116
6.3.5 MEDICAL 116
6.3.5.1 Increasing preference for FSO for transmission of biomedical sensor signals 116
6.3.6 AUTOMOTIVE 116
6.3.6.1 Growing use of FSO for vehicular communication 116
6.3.7 OTHERS 117
6.4 FSO MARKET, BY REGION 117
6.4.1 INTRODUCTION 117
FIGURE 52 FSO MARKET IN ASIA PACIFIC TO WITNESS HIGHEST CAGR DURING FORECAST PERIOD 117
FIGURE 53 FSO MARKET, BY REGION 118
TABLE 53 FSO MARKET, BY REGION, 2019–2022 (USD MILLION) 118
TABLE 54 FSO MARKET, BY REGION, 2023–2028 (USD MILLION) 118

6.4.2 AMERICAS 119
FIGURE 54 AMERICAS: FSO MARKET SNAPSHOT 119
TABLE 55 FSO MARKET IN AMERICAS, BY APPLICATION, 2019–2022 (USD MILLION) 120
TABLE 56 FSO MARKET IN AMERICAS, BY APPLICATION, 2023–2028 (USD MILLION) 120
6.4.3 EUROPE 121
FIGURE 55 EUROPE: FSO MARKET SNAPSHOT 121
TABLE 57 FSO MARKET IN EUROPE, BY APPLICATION, 2019–2022 (USD MILLION) 122
TABLE 58 FSO MARKET IN EUROPE, BY APPLICATION, 2023–2028 (USD MILLION) 122
6.4.4 ASIA PACIFIC 122
FIGURE 56 ASIA PACIFIC: FSO MARKET SNAPSHOT 123
TABLE 59 FSO MARKET IN ASIA PACIFIC, BY APPLICATION, 2019–2022 (USD MILLION) 123
TABLE 60 FSO MARKET IN ASIA PACIFIC, BY APPLICATION, 2023–2028 (USD MILLION) 124
6.4.5 REST OF THE WORLD 124
FIGURE 57 ROW: FSO MARKET SNAPSHOT 125
TABLE 61 FSO MARKET IN ROW, BY APPLICATION, 2019–2022 (USD MILLION) 125
TABLE 62 FSO MARKET IN ROW, BY APPLICATION, 2023–2028 (USD MILLION) 126
7 VISIBLE LIGHT COMMUNICATION (VLC)/LIGHT FIDELITY (LI-FI) MARKET 127
7.1 VLC/LI-FI MARKET, BY COMPONENT 128
7.1.1 INTRODUCTION 128
FIGURE 58 VLC/LI-FI MARKET, BY COMPONENT 128
FIGURE 59 SOFTWARE SEGMENT TO HOLD LARGEST SIZE OF VLC/LI-FI MARKET DURING FORECAST PERIOD 128
TABLE 63 VLC/LI-FI MARKET, BY COMPONENT, 2019–2022 (USD MILLION) 129
TABLE 64 VLC/LI-FI MARKET, BY COMPONENT, 2023–2028 (USD MILLION) 129
7.1.2 LIGHT-EMITTING DIODES (LEDS) 129
7.1.2.1 Important components of VLC systems 129
TABLE 65 COMPARISON OF LED, INCANDESCENT, AND FLUORESCENT LAMPS 130
7.1.2.2 Phosphorus LEDs 130
TABLE 66 CHARACTERISTICS OF PHOSPHORUS LEDS 130
7.1.2.3 Red, Green, and Blue (RGB) LEDs 131
TABLE 67 CHARACTERISTICS OF RGB LED 131
7.1.2.4 Resonant Cavity LEDs (RCLEDs) 131
TABLE 68 CHARACTERISTICS OF RCLED 131
7.1.2.5 Organic LEDs (OLEDs) 132
TABLE 69 CHARACTERISTICS OF OLEDS 132
7.1.2.6 Microlens LEDs 132
7.1.2.7 Near-infrared or ultraviolet LEDs 132
TABLE 70 VLC/LI-FI MARKET FOR LEDS, BY APPLICATION, 2019–2022 (USD MILLION) 133
TABLE 71 VLC/LI-FI MARKET FOR LEDS, BY APPLICATION, 2023–2028 (USD MILLION) 133

7.1.3 PHOTODETECTORS 134
7.1.3.1 Used as receivers in VLC systems 134
7.1.3.2 Photodiode 134
7.1.3.3 Image sensor 134
TABLE 72 COMPARISON OF CCD AND CMOS SENSORS 134
TABLE 73 VLC/LI-FI MARKET FOR PHOTODETECTORS, BY APPLICATION, 2019–2022 (USD MILLION) 135
TABLE 74 VLC/LI-FI MARKET FOR PHOTODETECTORS, BY APPLICATION, 2023–2028 (USD MILLION) 135
7.1.4 MICROCONTROLLERS 136
7.1.4.1 Used in VLC technology to simplify data processing 136
7.1.4.2 Modulator & demodulator 136
7.1.4.2.1 Modulation 136
7.1.4.2.1.1 Pulse Width Modulation (PWM) 136
7.1.4.2.1.2 Pulse Position Modulation (PPM) 136
7.1.4.2.1.3 Variable Pulse Position Modulation (VPPM) 136
7.1.4.2.1.4 Pulse Amplitude Modulation (PAM) 137
7.1.4.2.1.5 Color Shift Keying (CSK) 137
7.1.4.2.1.6 Frequency Shift Keying (FSK) 137
7.1.4.2.1.7 Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplex (OFDM) 137
7.1.4.2.1.8 Spatial Modulation (SM) 137
7.1.4.2.2 Demodulation 137
7.1.4.2.2.1 Diode detector 138
7.1.4.2.2.2 Synchronous detector 138
TABLE 75 VLC/LI-FI MARKET FOR MICROCONTROLLERS, BY APPLICATION, 2019–2022 (USD MILLION) 138
TABLE 76 VLC/LI-FI MARKET FOR MICROCONTROLLERS, BY APPLICATION, 2023–2028 (USD MILLION) 139
7.1.5 SOFTWARE 139
7.1.5.1 Important component of VLC systems 139
TABLE 77 VLC/LI-FI MARKET FOR SOFTWARE, BY APPLICATION, 2019–2022 (USD MILLION) 140
TABLE 78 VLC/LI-FI MARKET FOR SOFTWARE, BY APPLICATION, 2023–2028 (USD MILLION) 140
7.2 VLC/LI-FI MARKET, BY TRANSMISSION TYPE 141
7.2.1 INTRODUCTION 141
FIGURE 60 VLC/LI-FI MARKET, BY TRANSMISSION TYPE 141
FIGURE 61 BIDIRECTIONAL TRANSMISSION SEGMENT TO REGISTER HIGHER GROWTH RATE DURING FORECAST PERIOD 141
TABLE 79 VLC/LI-FI MARKET, BY TRANSMISSION TYPE, 2019–2022 (USD MILLION) 141
TABLE 80 VLC/LI-FI MARKET, BY TRANSMISSION TYPE, 2023–2028 (USD MILLION) 142
7.2.2 UNIDIRECTIONAL TRANSMISSION 142
7.2.3 BIDIRECTIONAL TRANSMISSION 142

7.3 VLC/LI-FI MARKET, BY APPLICATION 143
7.3.1 INTRODUCTION 143
FIGURE 62 VLC/LI-FI MARKET, BY APPLICATION 143
FIGURE 63 DEFENSE & SECURITY SEGMENT TO GROW AT HIGHEST RATE DURING FORECAST PERIOD 144
TABLE 81 VLC/LI-FI MARKET, BY APPLICATION, 2019–2022 (USD MILLION) 144
TABLE 82 VLC/LI-FI MARKET, BY APPLICATION, 2023–2028 (USD MILLION) 145
7.3.2 SMART STORES 145
7.3.2.1 Growing use of VLC/Li-fi solutions to improve customer experience 145
TABLE 83 VLC/LI-FI MARKET FOR SMART STORES, BY COMPONENT, 2019–2022 (USD MILLION) 146
TABLE 84 VLC/LI-FI MARKET FOR SMART STORES, BY COMPONENT, 2023–2028 (USD MILLION) 146
TABLE 85 VLC/LI-FI MARKET FOR SMART STORES, BY REGION, 2019–2022 (USD MILLION) 146
TABLE 86 VLC/LI-FI MARKET FOR SMART STORES, BY REGION, 2023–2028 (USD MILLION) 147
7.3.3 STREETLIGHTS 147
7.3.3.1 Government projects to drive market growth 147
TABLE 87 VLC/LI-FI MARKET FOR STREETLIGHTS, BY COMPONENT, 2019–2022 (USD MILLION) 147
TABLE 88 VLC/LI-FI MARKET FOR STREETLIGHTS, BY COMPONENT, 2023–2028 (USD MILLION) 148
TABLE 89 VLC/LI-FI MARKET FOR STREETLIGHTS, BY REGION, 2019–2022 (USD MILLION) 148
TABLE 90 VLC/LI-FI MARKET FOR STREETLIGHTS, BY REGION, 2023–2028 (USD MILLION) 148
7.3.4 CONSUMER ELECTRONICS 149
7.3.4.1 Increasing demand for interconnected electronic gadgets to drive market growth 149
TABLE 91 VLC/LI-FI MARKET FOR CONSUMER ELECTRONICS, BY COMPONENT, 2019–2022 (USD MILLION) 149
TABLE 92 VLC/LI-FI MARKET FOR CONSUMER ELECTRONICS, BY COMPONENT, 2023–2028 (USD MILLION) 149
TABLE 93 VLC/LI-FI MARKET FOR CONSUMER ELECTRONICS, BY REGION, 2019–2022 (USD MILLION) 150
TABLE 94 VLC/LI-FI MARKET FOR CONSUMER ELECTRONICS, BY REGION, 2023–2028 (USD MILLION) 150
FIGURE 64 VLC/LI-FI MARKET FOR RESIDENTIAL SEGMENT TO GROW AT HIGHER RATE DURING FORECAST PERIOD 151
TABLE 95 VLC/LI-FI MARKET FOR CONSUMER ELECTRONICS, BY APPLICATION, 2019–2022 (USD MILLION) 151
TABLE 96 VLC/LI-FI MARKET FOR CONSUMER ELECTRONICS, BY APPLICATION, 2023–2028 (USD MILLION) 151
7.3.4.2 Residential 152
7.3.4.3 Commercial 152

7.3.5 DEFENSE & SECURITY 152
7.3.5.1 Need for secure and reliable communication to drive demand for VLC links 152
TABLE 97 VLC/LI-FI MARKET FOR DEFENSE & SECURITY, BY COMPONENT, 2019–2022 (USD MILLION) 153
TABLE 98 VLC/LI-FI MARKET FOR DEFENSE & SECURITY, BY COMPONENT, 2023–2028 (USD MILLION) 153
TABLE 99 VLC/LI-FI MARKET FOR DEFENSE & SECURITY, BY REGION, 2019–2022 (USD MILLION) 153
TABLE 100 VLC/LI-FI MARKET FOR DEFENSE & SECURITY, BY REGION, 2023–2028 (USD MILLION) 154
7.3.6 VEHICLES & TRANSPORTATION 154
7.3.6.1 Growing adoption of VLC in intelligent transportation systems 154
TABLE 101 VLC/LI-FI MARKET FOR VEHICLES & TRANSPORTATION, BY COMPONENT, 2019–2022 (USD MILLION) 154
TABLE 102 VLC/LI-FI MARKET FOR VEHICLES & TRANSPORTATION, BY COMPONENT, 2023–2028 (USD MILLION) 155
TABLE 103 VLC/LI-FI MARKET FOR VEHICLES & TRANSPORTATION, BY REGION, 2019–2022 (USD MILLION) 155
TABLE 104 VLC/LI-FI MARKET FOR VEHICLES & TRANSPORTATION, BY REGION, 2023–2028 (USD MILLION) 155
FIGURE 65 VEHICLE-TO-VEHICLE COMMUNICATION SEGMENT TO LEAD DURING FORECAST PERIOD 156
TABLE 105 VLC/LI-FI MARKET FOR VEHICLES & TRANSPORTATION, BY APPLICATION, 2019–2022 (USD MILLION) 156
TABLE 106 VLC/LI-FI MARKET FOR VEHICLE S& TRANSPORTATION, BY APPLICATION, 2023–2028 (USD MILLION) 156
7.3.6.2 Vehicle-to-vehicle communication 157
7.3.6.3 Location-based service 157
TABLE 107 COMPARISON OF POSITION DETECTION WITH OTHER TECHNOLOGIES 157
7.3.6.4 Intelligent transportation system 158
7.3.6.4.1 Advanced traffic management system 158
7.3.6.4.2 Vehicle-to-infrastructure communication 159
7.3.6.4.3 Advanced public transportation system 159
7.3.7 AVIATION 160
7.3.7.1 Rising preference for VLC to provide radiation-free communication in aircraft 160
TABLE 108 VLC/LI-FI MARKET FOR AVIATION, BY COMPONENT, 2019–2022 (USD MILLION) 161
TABLE 109 VLC/LI-FI MARKET FOR AVIATION, BY COMPONENT, 2023–2028 (USD MILLION) 161
TABLE 110 VLC/LI-FI MARKET FOR AVIATION, BY REGION, 2019–2022 (USD MILLION) 161
TABLE 111 VLC/LI-FI MARKET FOR AVIATION, BY REGION, 2023–2028 (USD MILLION) 161

7.3.8 HOSPITALS 162
7.3.8.1 Increasing use of e-healthcare solutions to encourage demand for VLC technology 162
TABLE 112 VLC/LI-FI MARKET FOR HOSPITALS, BY COMPONENT, 2019–2022 (USD MILLION) 162
TABLE 113 VLC/LI-FI MARKET FOR HOSPITALS, BY COMPONENT, 2023–2028 (USD MILLION) 162
TABLE 114 VLC/LI-FI MARKET FOR HOSPITALS, BY REGION, 2019–2022 (USD MILLION) 163
TABLE 115 VLC/LI-FI MARKET FOR HOSPITALS, BY REGION, 2023–2028 (USD MILLION) 163
FIGURE 66 ASSET TRACKING SEGMENT TO RECORD HIGHEST GROWTH RATE DURING FORECAST PERIOD 163
TABLE 116 VLC/LI-FI MARKET FOR HOSPITALS, BY APPLICATION, 2019–2022 (USD MILLION) 164
TABLE 117 VLC/LI-FI MARKET FOR HOSPITALS, BY APPLICATION, 2023–2028 (USD MILLION) 164
7.3.8.2 Asset tracking 164
7.3.8.3 Patient tracking 164
7.3.8.4 Data monitoring 164
7.3.9 UNDERWATER COMMUNICATION 165
7.3.9.1 Demand for VLC to overcome limitations of other communication systems 165
TABLE 118 VLC/LI-FI MARKET FOR UNDERWATER COMMUNICATION, BY COMPONENT, 2019–2022 (USD MILLION) 166
TABLE 119 VLC/LI-FI MARKET FOR UNDERWATER COMMUNICATION, BY COMPONENT, 2023–2028 (USD MILLION) 166
TABLE 120 VLC/LI-FI MARKET FOR UNDERWATER COMMUNICATION, BY REGION, 2019–2022 (USD MILLION) 166
TABLE 121 VLC/LI-FI MARKET FOR UNDERWATER COMMUNICATION, BY REGION, 2023–2028 (USD MILLION) 167
7.3.10 HAZARDOUS ENVIRONMENTS 167
7.3.10.1 Increasing demand for safer communication modes 167
TABLE 122 VLC/LI-FI MARKET FOR HAZARDOUS ENVIRONMENTS, BY COMPONENT, 2019–2022 (USD MILLION) 167
TABLE 123 VLC/LI-FI MARKET FOR HAZARDOUS ENVIRONMENT, BY COMPONENT, 2023–2028 (USD MILLION) 168
TABLE 124 VLC/LI-FI MARKET FOR HAZARDOUS ENVIRONMENTS, BY REGION, 2019–2022 (USD MILLION) 168
TABLE 125 VLC/LI-FI MARKET FOR HAZARDOUS ENVIRONMENTS, BY REGION, 2023–2028 (USD MILLION) 168
7.3.11 OTHERS 169
TABLE 126 VLC/LI-FI MARKET FOR OTHERS, BY COMPONENT, 2019–2022 (USD MILLION) 169
TABLE 127 VLC/LI-FI MARKET FOR OTHERS, BY COMPONENT, 2023–2028 (USD MILLION) 169
TABLE 128 VLC/LI-FI MARKET FOR OTHERS, BY REGION, 2019–2022 (USD MILLION) 169
TABLE 129 VLC/LI-FI MARKET FOR OTHERS, BY REGION, 2023–2028 (USD MILLION) 170
FIGURE 67 DIGITAL SIGNAGE SEGMENT TO GROW AT HIGHEST RATE BETWEEN 2023 AND 2028 170
TABLE 130 VLC/LI-FI MARKET FOR OTHERS, BY APPLICATION, 2019–2022 (USD MILLION) 170
TABLE 131 VLC/LI-FI MARKET FOR OTHERS, BY APPLICATION, 2023–2028 (USD MILLION) 171
7.3.11.1 Museums 171
7.3.11.2 Digital Signage 171
7.3.11.3 Hotels & Casinos 171
7.3.11.4 Logistics 171
7.4 VLC/LI-FI MARKET, BY REGION 172
7.4.1 INTRODUCTION 172
FIGURE 68 VLC/LI-FI MARKET IN ASIA PACIFIC TO RECORD HIGHEST CAGR DURING FORECAST PERIOD 172
FIGURE 69 VLC/LI-FI MARKET, BY REGION 173
TABLE 132 VLC/LI-FI MARKET, BY REGION, 2019–2022 (USD MILLION) 173
TABLE 133 VLC/LI-FI MARKET, BY REGION, 2023–2028 (USD MILLION) 173
7.4.2 AMERICAS 174
FIGURE 70 AMERICAS: VLC/LI-FI MARKET SNAPSHOT 175
TABLE 134 VLC/LI-FI MARKET IN AMERICAS, BY APPLICATION, 2019–2022 (USD MILLION) 175
TABLE 135 VLC/LI-FI MARKET IN AMERICAS, BY APPLICATION, 2023–2028 (USD MILLION) 176
7.4.3 EUROPE 176
FIGURE 71 EUROPE: VLC/LI-FI MARKET SNAPSHOT 177
TABLE 136 VLC/LI-FI MARKET IN EUROPE, BY APPLICATION, 2019–2022 (USD MILLION) 177
TABLE 137 VLC/LI-FI MARKET IN EUROPE, BY APPLICATION, 2023–2028 (USD MILLION) 178
7.4.4 ASIA PACIFIC 178
FIGURE 72 ASIA PACIFIC: VLC/LI-FI MARKET SNAPSHOT 179
TABLE 138 VLC/LI-FI MARKET IN ASIA PACIFIC, BY APPLICATION, 2019–2022 (USD MILLION) 180
TABLE 139 VLC/LI-FI MARKET IN ASIA PACIFIC, BY APPLICATION, 2023–2028 (USD MILLION) 180
7.4.5 ROW 181
FIGURE 73 ROW: VLC/LI-FI MARKET SNAPSHOT 181
TABLE 140 VLC/LI-FI MARKET IN ROW, BY APPLICATION, 2019–2022 (USD MILLION) 182
TABLE 141 VLC/LI-FI MARKET IN ROW, BY APPLICATION, 2023–2028 (USD MILLION) 182
8 COMPETITIVE LANDSCAPE 183
8.1 INTRODUCTION 183
8.2 STRATEGIES ADOPTED BY KEY PLAYERS/RIGHT TO WIN 183
TABLE 142 OVERVIEW OF STRATEGIES DEPLOYED BY KEY VLC/LI-FI OEMS 183
8.2.1 PRODUCT PORTFOLIO 184
8.2.2 REGIONAL FOCUS 184
8.2.3 MANUFACTURING FOOTPRINT 184
8.2.4 ORGANIC/INORGANIC STRATEGIES 184
8.2.5 MARKET EVALUATION FRAMEWORK FOR FSO 185
TABLE 143 OVERVIEW OF STRATEGIES DEPLOYED BY KEY FSO OEMS 185
8.2.6 PRODUCT PORTFOLIO 185
8.2.7 REGIONAL FOCUS 185
8.2.8 MANUFACTURING FOOTPRINT 185
8.2.9 ORGANIC/INORGANIC STRATEGIES 185
8.2.10 FSO AND VLC/LI-FI MARKET: REVENUE ANALYSIS 186
FIGURE 74 REVENUE ANALYSIS OF TOP MARKET PLAYERS, 2017-2021 186
8.3 MARKET SHARE ANALYSIS OF KEY PLAYERS IN FSO AND VLC/LI-FI MARKET 186
TABLE 144 VLC/LI-FI MARKET: DEGREE OF COMPETITION 186
TABLE 145 FSO MARKET: DEGREE OF COMPETITION 187
8.4 COMPANY EVALUATION QUADRANT, 2021 188
8.4.1 STARS 188
8.4.2 PERVASIVE PLAYERS 188
8.4.3 PARTICIPANTS 188
8.4.4 EMERGING LEADERS 188
FIGURE 75 FSO AND VLC/LI-FI MARKET (GLOBAL) COMPANY EVALUATION QUADRANT, 2021 189
8.5 COMPETITIVE BENCHMARKING 190
TABLE 146 COMPANY APPLICATION FOOTPRINT (18 COMPANIES) 190
TABLE 147 COMPANY REGIONAL FOOTPRINT (18 COMPANIES) 191
TABLE 148 COMPANY FOOTPRINT 192
8.6 STARTUP/SME EVALUATION QUADRANT, 2021 193
TABLE 149 OVERVIEW OF STARTUP/SME COMPANY 193
8.6.1 PROGRESSIVE COMPANIES 193
8.6.2 RESPONSIVE COMPANIES 193
8.6.3 DYNAMIC COMPANIES 193
8.6.4 STARTING BLOCKS 194
FIGURE 76 FSO AND VLC/LI-FI MARKET: STARTUP/SME EVALUATION QUADRANT, 2021 194
TABLE 150 FSO AND VLC/LI-FI MARKET: LIST OF KEY STARTUPS/SMES 195
TABLE 151 FSO AND VLC/LI-FI MARKET: COMPETITIVE BENCHMARKING OF KEY STARTUPS/SMES 195
8.7 COMPETITIVE SITUATIONS & TRENDS 196
8.7.1 PRODUCT LAUNCHES 196
TABLE 152 PRODUCT LAUNCHES (2019–2022) 196
8.7.2 ACQUISITIONS AND PARTNERSHIPS 197
TABLE 153 ACQUISITIONS AND PARTNERSHIPS (2019–2022) 197
8.7.3 COLLABORATIONS, CONTRACTS, AND JOINT VENTURES 198
TABLE 154 COLLABORATIONS, CONTRACTS, AND JOINT VENTURES (2019–2022) 198

9 COMPANY PROFILES 199
9.1 KEY PLAYERS 199
(Business Overview, Products/Solutions/Services Offered, Recent Developments, and MnM View)*
9.1.1 SIGNIFY HOLDING 199
TABLE 155 SIGNIFY HOLDING: BUSINESS OVERVIEW 199
FIGURE 77 SIGNIFY HOLDING: COMPANY SNAPSHOT 200
TABLE 156 SIGNIFY HOLDING: PRODUCT LAUNCHES 201
TABLE 157 SIGNIFY HOLDING: DEALS 202
9.1.2 LUCIBEL SA 204
TABLE 158 LUCIBEL SA: BUSINESS OVERVIEW 204
FIGURE 78 LUCIBEL SA: COMPANY SNAPSHOT 205
TABLE 159 LUCIBEL SA: PRODUCT LAUNCHES 206
TABLE 160 LUCIBEL SA: DEALS 207
9.1.3 FSONA NETWORKS CORP. 208
TABLE 161 FSONA NETWORKS CORP.: BUSINESS OVERVIEW 208
9.1.4 WIRELESS EXCELLENCE LIMITED 211
TABLE 162 WIRELESS EXCELLENCE LIMITED: BUSINESS OVERVIEW 211
TABLE 163 WIRELESS EXCELLENCE LIMITED: PRODUCT LAUNCHES 212
9.1.5 OLEDCOMM SAS 214
TABLE 164 OLEDCOMM SAS: BUSINESS OVERVIEW 214
TABLE 165 OLEDCOMM SAS: PRODUCT LAUNCHES 216
TABLE 166 OLEDCOMM SAS: DEALS 217
9.1.6 PURELIFI 218
TABLE 167 PURELIFI: BUSINESS OVERVIEW 218
TABLE 168 PURELIFI: PRODUCT LAUNCHES 220
TABLE 169 PURELIFI: DEALS 220
9.1.7 ACUITY BRANDS, INC. 222
TABLE 170 ACUITY BRANDS, INC.: BUSINESS OVERVIEW 222
FIGURE 79 ACUITY BRANDS, INC.: COMPANY SNAPSHOT 223
TABLE 171 ACUITY BRANDS, INC.: PRODUCT LAUNCHES 224
TABLE 172 ACUITY BRANDS, INC.: DEALS 225
TABLE 173 ACUITY BRANDS, INC.: OTHERS 225
9.1.8 PANASONIC CORPORATION 226
TABLE 174 PANASONIC CORPORATION: BUSINESS OVERVIEW 226
FIGURE 80 PANASONIC CORPORATION: COMPANY SNAPSHOT 227
TABLE 175 PANASONIC CORPORATION: DEALS 228
9.1.9 FRAUNHOFER HHI 229
TABLE 176 FRAUNHOFER HHI: BUSINESS OVERVIEW 229
TABLE 177 FRAUNHOFER HHI: PRODUCT LAUNCHES 231

9.1.10 TRIMBLE HUNGARY KFT. 232
TABLE 178 TRIMBLE HUNGARY KFT.: BUSINESS OVERVIEW 232
* Business Overview, Products/Solutions/Services Offered, Recent Developments, and MnM View might not be captured in case of unlisted companies.
9.2 OTHER PLAYERS 233
9.2.1 JSC MOSTCOM 233
9.2.2 LVX SYSTEM 234
9.2.3 LIGHTBEE 235
9.2.4 VELMENNI 236
9.2.5 VLNCOMM 237
9.2.6 IRNAS D.O.O. 238
9.2.7 NEXTLIFI 239
9.2.8 INFINITY TECHNOLOGY SERVICES 240
9.2.9 AIRLINX COMMUNICATIONS, INC. 241
9.2.10 EC SYSTEM 241
9.2.11 CACI INTERNATIONAL INC 242
9.2.12 REDLINE INFRASTRUCTURE 243
9.2.13 GLOBAL LIFI TECH 244
9.2.14 LUMEFFICIENT 245
9.2.15 AXIOM OPTICS 246
10 APPENDIX 247
10.1 DISCUSSION GUIDE 247
10.2 KNOWLEDGESTORE: MARKETSANDMARKETS’ SUBSCRIPTION PORTAL 250
10.3 CUSTOMIZATION OPTIONS 252
10.4 RELATED REPORTS 252
10.5 AUTHOR DETAILS 253


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