水中音響通信市場 : 2028年までの世界予測

出版:MarketsandMarkets(マーケッツアンドマーケッツ) 出版年月:2023年 1月

水中音響通信市場 : インターフェース プラットフォーム (センサー インターフェース、音響モデム)、用途 (環境モニタリング、汚染モニタリング、水路、海洋学)、通信深度、エンド ユーザーと地域別 – 2028年までの世界予測
Underwater Acoustic Communication Market by Interface Platform (Sensor Interface, Acoustic Modem), Application (Environmental Monitoring, Pollution Monitoring, Hydrography, Oceanography), Communication Depth, End User and Region – Global Forecast to 2028

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Underwater acoustic communication market size is valued at USD 2.1 billion in 2023 and is anticipated to be USD 3.5 billion by 2028; growing at a CAGR of 11.0% from 2023 to 2028. The growing deployment of acoustic navigation for underwater positioning and increasing use of underwater communication by oil & gas industry is expected to grow the market at an estimated rate.

水中音響通信市場 : インターフェース プラットフォーム (センサー インターフェース、音響モデム)、用途 (環境モニタリング、汚染モニタリング、水路、海洋学)、通信深度、エンド ユーザーと地域別 - 2028年までの世界予測 Underwater Acoustic Communication Market by Interface Platform (Sensor Interface, Acoustic Modem), Application (Environmental Monitoring, Pollution Monitoring, Hydrography, Oceanography), Communication Depth, End User and Region - Global Forecast to 2028
Intensifying need for reliable and secure communication in defense and homeland security
Underwater wireless communication is used by several end users, especially from the aerospace & defense, oil & gas, and homeland security segments. Reliable and secure communication is one of the major concerns for these end users. The data collected by defense, homeland security, and other end users contain crucial information that needs to be secured throughout the communication channel so that it can be protected from intruders.

Growing demand for environmental monitoring and seafloor mapping

Acoustic sensing contains various sonar devices for seafloor mapping, submersible navigation, and underwater objects. The Nippon Foundation and the General Bathymetric Chart of the Oceans (GEBCO) plan to cooperate globally to map the whole seafloor topography by the end of 2030. The detailed charted topography of the whole ocean will aid in understanding marine geology, utilizing marine mineral and renewable energy resources, monitoring marine geohazards, and providing route surveys for underwater cables and pipelines.

Security threat in underwater communication

The security threats in underwater communications can be divided into passive and active attacks, in accordance with the actions taken by the intruders. In a passive attack, intruders simply try to obtain data, while in an active attack, they attempt to inject, alter, or delete data by introducing malicious nodes. In either case, the concept of authenticated data access offers a high-level solution, which can prevent IoUT network both from passive data extraction and from active data injection.
The breakup of primaries conducted during the study is depicted below:
• By Company Type: Tier 1 – 38 %, Tier 2 – 28%, and Tier 3 –34%
• By Designation: C-Level Executives – 40%, Directors – 30%, and Others – 30%
• By Region: North America– 35%, Europe – 20%, Asia Pacific – 35%, RoW – 10%
The key players operating in the RF signal chain components market include few globally established players such as KONGSBERG (Norway), Sonardyne International (UK), EvoLogics GmbH (Germany), Thales (France), Teledyne Technologies Incorporated (US), L3Harris (US), Ultra (UK), Sonardyne International (UK), EvoLogics GmbH (Germany), Moog, Inc. (US) and Nortek (Norway).

Underwater Acoustic Communication Market by Interface Platform (Sensor Interface, Acoustic Modem), Application (Environmental Monitoring, Pollution Monitoring, Hydrography, Oceanography), Communication Depth, End User and Region - Global Forecast to 2028
Research Coverage
The report segments the underwater acoustic communication market and forecasts its size based on region (North America, Europe, Asia Pacific, and ROW), By Sensor Interfcae (Sensor Interface, Acoustic Modem, and Others), Communication Depth (Shallow Water, Medium Water, Long Water, and Full Ocean), by Application (Environmental Monitoring, Pollution Monitoring, Climate Monitoring, Hydrography, Oceanography, and Others), by End User (Oil & Gas, Military & Defense, Homeland Security, Scientific Research & Development). The report also provides a comprehensive review of market drivers, restraints, opportunities, and challenges in the underwater acoustic communication market. The report also covers qualitative aspects in addition to the quantitative aspects of these markets.
Key Benefits of Buying This Report
• This report includes market statistics pertaining to by interface platform, communication depth, application, end user and region.
• Major market drivers, restraints, challenges, and opportunities have been detailed in this report.
• Illustrative segmentation, analyses, and forecasts for the market based interface platform, communication depth, application, end user and region have been conducted to provide an overall view of the underwater acoustic communication market.
• The report includes an in-depth analysis and ranking of key players.


目次

1 INTRODUCTION 27
1.1 STUDY OBJECTIVES 27
1.2 MARKET DEFINITION 27
1.3 STUDY SCOPE 28
1.3.1 MARKETS COVERED 28
FIGURE 1 UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION MARKET: SEGMENTATION 28
1.3.2 REGIONAL ANALYSIS 28
1.3.3 YEARS CONSIDERED 29
1.3.4 INCLUSIONS AND EXCLUSIONS 29
1.4 CURRENCY CONSIDERED 30
1.5 LIMITATIONS 30
1.6 STAKEHOLDERS 30
1.7 SUMMARY OF CHANGES 31
2 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY 32
2.1 RESEARCH DATA 32
FIGURE 2 RESEARCH DESIGN 32
2.1.1 SECONDARY AND PRIMARY RESEARCH 33
2.1.2 SECONDARY DATA 33
2.1.2.1 Secondary sources 34
2.1.3 PRIMARY DATA 34
2.1.3.1 Key data from primary sources 35
2.1.3.2 Key industry insights 35
2.1.3.3 Breakdown of primaries 36
2.2 MARKET SIZE ESTIMATION 36
FIGURE 3 PROCESS FLOW OF MARKET SIZE ESTIMATION 36
2.2.1 BOTTOM-UP APPROACH 37
FIGURE 4 MARKET SIZE ESTIMATION: BOTTOM-UP APPROACH 37
2.2.2 TOP-DOWN APPROACH 37
2.2.2.1 Approach to derive market size using supply-side analysis 37
FIGURE 5 MARKET SIZE ESTIMATION: TOP-DOWN APPROACH 37
2.3 MARKET BREAKDOWN AND DATA TRIANGULATION 38
FIGURE 6 DATA TRIANGULATION 38
2.4 RESEARCH ASSUMPTIONS 39
2.4.1 LIMITATIONS 39

3 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 40
FIGURE 7 ACOUSTIC MODEM SEGMENT TO HOLD LARGEST SHARE OF UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION MARKET DURING FORECAST PERIOD 40
FIGURE 8 MEDIUM WATER SEGMENT TO HOLD LARGEST SHARE OF UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION MARKET DURING FORECAST PERIOD 41
FIGURE 9 ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING SEGMENT TO HOLD LARGEST SHARE OF UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION MARKET IN 2023 41
FIGURE 10 SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT SEGMENT TO HOLD LARGEST SHARE OF UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION MARKET DURING FORECAST PERIOD 42
FIGURE 11 ASIA PACIFIC UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION MARKET TO REGISTER HIGHEST CAGR DURING FORECAST PERIOD 43
4 PREMIUM INSIGHTS 44
4.1 ATTRACTIVE OPPORTUNITIES FOR PLAYERS OPERATING IN UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION MARKET 44
FIGURE 12 GROWING NEED FOR ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING AND SEA FLOOR MAPPING 44
4.2 UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION MARKET, BY INTERFACE PLATFORM 45
FIGURE 13 ACOUSTIC MODEM SEGMENT TO DOMINATE UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION MARKET BETWEEN 2023 AND 2028 45
4.3 UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION MARKET, BY COMMUNICATION DEPTH 45
FIGURE 14 MEDIUM WATER SEGMENT TO DOMINATE UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION MARKET BETWEEN 2023 AND 2028 45
4.4 UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION MARKET, BY APPLICATION 46
FIGURE 15 ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING SEGMENT TO LEAD UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION MARKET BETWEEN 2023 AND 2028 46
4.5 ASIA PACIFIC UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION MARKET, BY END USER AND COUNTRY 46
FIGURE 16 SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT SEGMENT AND CHINA TO HOLD LARGEST SHARES OF ASIA PACIFIC UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION MARKET IN 2028 46
4.6 UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION MARKET, BY COUNTRY 47
FIGURE 17 INDIA TO REGISTER HIGHEST CAGR IN UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION MARKET BETWEEN 2023 AND 2028 47
5 MARKET OVERVIEW 48
5.1 INTRODUCTION 48
5.2 MARKET DYNAMICS 49
FIGURE 18 UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION MARKET: DRIVERS, RESTRAINTS, OPPORTUNITIES, AND CHALLENGES 49
5.2.1 DRIVERS 50
FIGURE 19 ANALYSIS OF IMPACT OF DRIVERS ON UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION MARKET 50
5.2.1.1 Increasing adoption of underwater acoustic modems in oil & gas industry 50
5.2.1.2 Growing need for reliable and secure communication in defense and homeland security sectors 51
5.2.1.3 Rising deployment of acoustic navigation for underwater positioning 51
5.2.2 RESTRAINTS 51
FIGURE 20 ANALYSIS OF IMPACT OF RESTRAINTS ON UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION MARKET 51
5.2.2.1 Limited speed of data transmission and delayed delivery rates in underwater communication 52
5.2.3 OPPORTUNITIES 52
FIGURE 21 ANALYSIS OF IMPACT OF OPPORTUNITIES ON UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION MARKET 52
5.2.3.1 Use of 5G network for underwater communication 52
5.2.3.2 Growing demand for environmental monitoring and seafloor mapping 53
5.2.4 CHALLENGES 53
FIGURE 22 ANALYSIS OF IMPACT OF CHALLENGES ON UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION MARKET 53
5.2.4.1 Bandwidth limitation associated with underwater acoustic communication 53
5.2.4.2 Security threat in underwater communication 54
5.3 SUPPLY CHAIN ANALYSIS 54
FIGURE 23 SUPPLY CHAIN ANALYSIS: MAJOR VALUE ADDED BY ORIGINAL EQUIPMENT MANUFACTURERS 54
5.4 ECOSYSTEM ANALYSIS 56
FIGURE 24 UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION MARKET: ECOSYSTEM ANALYSIS 56
5.5 YC-YCC SHIFT: UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION MARKET 57
FIGURE 25 YC-YCC SHIFT: UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION MARKET 57
5.6 AVERAGE SELLING PRICE OF UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION PRODUCTS OFFERED BY KEY PLAYERS 58
FIGURE 26 AVERAGE SELLING PRICE OF UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION PRODUCTS OFFERED BY KEY PLAYERS 58
5.6.1 AVERAGE SELLING PRICE TREND ANALYSIS 58
TABLE 1 AVERAGE SELLING PRICE OF UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION PRODUCTS, BY INTERFACE PLATFORM, 2019–2022 (USD) 58
5.7 TECHNOLOGY ANALYSIS 59
5.7.1 INTERNET OF UNDERWATER THINGS (IOUT) 59
5.8 PORTER’S FIVE FORCES ANALYSIS 59
TABLE 2 UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION MARKET: PORTER’S FIVE FORCES ANALYSIS 59
5.8.1 INTENSITY OF COMPETITIVE RIVALRY 60
5.8.2 THREAT OF SUBSTITUTES 60
5.8.3 BARGAINING POWER OF BUYERS 60
5.8.4 BARGAINING POWER OF SUPPLIERS 60
5.8.5 THREAT OF NEW ENTRANTS 60

5.9 KEY STAKEHOLDERS AND BUYING CRITERIA 61
5.9.1 KEY STAKEHOLDERS IN BUYING PROCESS 61
FIGURE 27 INFLUENCE OF STAKEHOLDERS ON BUYING PROCESS FOR TOP THREE APPLICATIONS 61
TABLE 3 INFLUENCE OF STAKEHOLDERS ON BUYING PROCESS FOR TOP THREE APPLICATIONS (%) 61
5.9.2 BUYING CRITERIA 62
FIGURE 28 KEY BUYING CRITERIA FOR TOP THREE APPLICATIONS 62
TABLE 4 KEY BUYING CRITERIA FOR TOP THREE APPLICATIONS 62
5.10 CASE STUDY ANALYSIS 63
TABLE 5 ACOUSTIC DOPPLER CURRENT PROFILER (ADCP)-BASED MONITORING SYSTEMS AID OPERATIONS IN DARWIN HARBOUR 63
TABLE 6 INNOVASEA’S VR2W SOLUTIONS FACILITATE COST-EFFICIENT FISH TRACKING 64
5.11 TRADE ANALYSIS 65
TABLE 7 IMPORT DATA OF BASE STATIONS OF APPARATUS FOR TRANSMISSION OR RECEPTION OF VOICE, IMAGES, OR OTHER DATA, BY COUNTRY, 2017–2021 (USD MILLION) 65
TABLE 8 EXPORT DATA OF BASE STATIONS OF APPARATUS FOR TRANSMISSION OR RECEPTION OF VOICE, IMAGES, OR OTHER DATA, BY COUNTRY, 2017–2021 (USD MILLION) 65
5.12 PATENT ANALYSIS 66
FIGURE 29 TOP 10 COMPANIES WITH HIGHEST NUMBER OF PATENT APPLICATIONS IN LAST 10 YEARS 66
TABLE 9 NUMBER OF PATENTS REGISTERED RELATED TO UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION MARKET IN LAST 10 YEARS 67
FIGURE 30 NUMBER OF PATENTS GRANTED PER YEAR, 2011–2021 68
TABLE 10 NOTABLE PATENTS RELATED TO UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION MARKET 68
5.13 KEY CONFERENCES AND EVENTS, 2023–2024 71
TABLE 11 UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION MARKET: DETAILED LIST OF CONFERENCES AND EVENTS 71
5.14 TARIFF ANALYSIS 73
TABLE 12 TARIFF FOR HS CODE 851761 EXPORTED BY CHINA (2021) 73
5.14.1 STANDARDS AND REGULATORY LANDSCAPE 73
5.14.1.1 Regulatory bodies, government agencies, and other organizations 73
TABLE 13 NORTH AMERICA: LIST OF REGULATORY BODIES, GOVERNMENT AGENCIES, AND OTHER ORGANIZATIONS 73
TABLE 14 EUROPE: LIST OF REGULATORY BODIES, GOVERNMENT AGENCIES, AND OTHER ORGANIZATIONS 74
5.14.2 REGULATORY ANALYSIS 74

6 UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION MARKET,
BY INTERFACE PLATFORM 75
6.1 INTRODUCTION 76
FIGURE 31 ACOUSTIC MODEM SEGMENT TO HOLD LARGEST MARKET SHARE DURING FORECAST PERIOD 76
TABLE 15 UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION MARKET, BY INTERFACE PLATFORM, 2019–2022 (USD MILLION) 76
TABLE 16 UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION MARKET, BY INTERFACE PLATFORM, 2023–2028 (USD MILLION) 77
TABLE 17 UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION MARKET, BY INTERFACE PLATFORM, 2019–2022 (THOUSAND UNITS) 77
TABLE 18 UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION MARKET, BY INTERFACE PLATFORM, 2023–2028 (THOUSAND UNITS) 77
6.2 SENSOR INTERFACE 78
6.2.1 INCREASING ADOPTION OF UNDERWATER SENSORS IN ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING 78
TABLE 19 SENSOR INTERFACE: UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION MARKET, BY COMMUNICATION DEPTH, 2019–2022 (USD MILLION) 78
TABLE 20 SENSOR INTERFACE: UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION MARKET, BY COMMUNICATION DEPTH, 2023–2028 (USD MILLION) 78
6.3 ACOUSTIC MODEM 79
6.3.1 RISING USE OF ACOUSTIC MODEMS TO TRANSFER INFORMATION COST-EFFECTIVELY 79
TABLE 21 ACOUSTIC MODEM: UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION MARKET, BY COMMUNICATION DEPTH, 2019–2022 (USD MILLION) 79
TABLE 22 ACOUSTIC MODEM: UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION MARKET, BY COMMUNICATION DEPTH, 2023–2028 (USD MILLION) 80
TABLE 23 ACOUSTIC MODEM: UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION MARKET, BY OFFERING, 2019–2022 (USD MILLION) 80
TABLE 24 ACOUSTIC MODEM: UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION MARKET, BY OFFERING, 2023–2028 (USD MILLION) 80
6.3.2 HARDWARE 80
6.3.2.1 Hardware acoustic modems have operating range of up to few kilometers 80
6.3.3 SOFTWARE 81
6.3.3.1 Coupling software acoustic modems reduce per node cost of acoustic communication 81
6.4 OTHERS 81
TABLE 25 OTHERS: UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION MARKET, BY COMMUNICATION DEPTH, 2019–2022 (USD MILLION) 81
TABLE 26 OTHERS: UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION MARKET, BY COMMUNICATION RANGE, 2023–2028 (USD MILLION) 82

7 UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION MARKET,
BY COMMUNICATION DEPTH 83
7.1 INTRODUCTION 84
FIGURE 32 MEDIUM WATER SEGMENT TO REGISTER HIGHEST CAGR IN UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION DURING FORECAST PERIOD 84
TABLE 27 UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION MARKET, BY COMMUNICATION DEPTH, 2019–2022 (USD MILLION) 84
TABLE 28 UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION MARKET, BY COMMUNICATION DEPTH, 2023–2028 (USD MILLION) 85
7.2 SHALLOW WATER 85
7.2.1 GROWING ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING IN SHALLOW WATERS 85
TABLE 29 SHALLOW WATER: UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION MARKET, BY APPLICATION, 2019–2022 (USD MILLION) 85
TABLE 30 SHALLOW WATER: UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION MARKET, BY APPLICATION, 2023–2028 (USD MILLION) 86
7.3 MEDIUM WATER 86
7.3.1 GROWING USE OF ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING SYSTEMS IN OIL & GAS INDUSTRY TO DETECT PIPE LEAKAGE IN MEDIUM WATER RANGE 86
TABLE 31 MEDIUM WATER: UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION MARKET, BY APPLICATION, 2019–2022 (USD MILLION) 87
TABLE 32 MEDIUM WATER: UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION MARKET, BY APPLICATION, 2023–2028 (USD MILLION) 87
7.4 LONG WATER 87
7.4.1 GROWING USE OF UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION TO CONDUCT TELEMETRY IN ICE-COVERED REGIONS 87
TABLE 33 LONG WATER: UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION MARKET, BY APPLICATION, 2019–2022 (USD MILLION) 88
TABLE 34 LONG WATER: UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION MARKET, BY APPLICATION, 2023–2028 (USD MILLION) 88
7.5 FULL OCEAN 89
7.5.1 INCREASING USE OF ACOUSTIC SIGNALS FOR EXPLORATION OF NATURAL RESOURCES 89
TABLE 35 FULL OCEAN: UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION MARKET, BY APPLICATION, 2019–2022 (USD MILLION) 89
TABLE 36 FULL OCEAN: UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION MARKET, BY APPLICATION, 2023–2028 (USD MILLION) 89
8 UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION, BY OPERATING RANGE 90
8.1 INTRODUCTION 90
8.2 SHORT RANGE 90
8.3 MEDIUM RANGE 90
8.4 LONG RANGE 90
TABLE 37 LIST OF FEW COMPANIES WITH PRODUCT OFFERINGS, BY OPERATING RANGE 91

9 UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION MARKET, BY APPLICATION 92
9.1 INTRODUCTION 93
FIGURE 33 ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING SEGMENT TO REGISTER HIGHEST CAGR BETWEEN 2023 AND 2028 93
TABLE 38 UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION MARKET, BY APPLICATION, 2019–2022 (USD MILLION) 94
TABLE 39 UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION MARKET, BY APPLICATION, 2023–2028 (USD MILLION) 94
9.2 ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING 94
9.2.1 UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS HELP GOVERNMENTS IN ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING 94
TABLE 40 ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING: UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION MARKET, BY END USER, 2019–2022 (USD MILLION) 95
TABLE 41 ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING: UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION MARKET, BY END USER, 2023–2028 (USD MILLION) 95
TABLE 42 ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING: UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION MARKET, BY COMMUNICATION DEPTH, 2019–2022 (USD MILLION) 95
TABLE 43 ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING: UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION MARKET, BY COMMUNICATION DEPTH, 2023–2028 (USD MILLION) 96
TABLE 44 ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING: UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION MARKET, BY REGION, 2019–2022 (USD MILLION) 96
TABLE 45 ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING: UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION MARKET, BY REGION, 2023–2028 (USD MILLION) 96
9.3 POLLUTION MONITORING 97
9.3.1 GROWING USE OF UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS TO MONITOR POLLUTION CAUSED BY OIL SPILLS 97
TABLE 46 POLLUTION MONITORING: UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION MARKET, BY END USER, 2019–2022 (USD MILLION) 97
TABLE 47 POLLUTION MONITORING: UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION MARKET, BY END USER, 2023–2028 (USD MILLION) 97
TABLE 48 POLLUTION MONITORING: UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION MARKET, BY COMMUNICATION DEPTH, 2019–2022 (USD MILLION) 98
TABLE 49 POLLUTION MONITORING: UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION MARKET, BY COMMUNICATION DEPTH, 2023–2028 (USD MILLION) 98
TABLE 50 POLLUTION MONITORING: UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION MARKET, BY REGION, 2019–2022 (USD MILLION) 98
TABLE 51 POLLUTION MONITORING: UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION MARKET, BY REGION, 2023–2028 (USD MILLION) 99
9.4 CLIMATE MONITORING 99
9.4.1 GROWING NEED FOR CLIMATE MONITORING WITH RISE IN GLOBAL WARMING 99
TABLE 52 CLIMATE MONITORING: UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION MARKET, BY END USER, 2019–2022 (USD MILLION) 99
TABLE 53 CLIMATE MONITORING: UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION MARKET, BY END USER, 2023–2028 (USD MILLION) 100
TABLE 54 CLIMATE MONITORING: UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION MARKET, BY COMMUNICATION DEPTH, 2019–2022 (USD MILLION) 100
TABLE 55 CLIMATE MONITORING: UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION MARKET, BY COMMUNICATION DEPTH, 2023–2028 (USD MILLION) 100
TABLE 56 CLIMATE MONITORING: UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION MARKET, BY REGION, 2019–2022 (USD MILLION) 101
TABLE 57 CLIMATE MONITORING: UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION MARKET, BY REGION, 2023–2028 (USD MILLION) 101
9.5 HYDROGRAPHY 101
9.5.1 INCREASED RESEARCH RELATED TO OCEAN MAPPING AND SEABED NAVIGATION 101
TABLE 58 HYDROGRAPHY: UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION MARKET, BY END USER, 2019–2022 (USD MILLION) 102
TABLE 59 HYDROGRAPHY: UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION MARKET, BY END USER, 2023–2028 (USD MILLION) 102
TABLE 60 HYDROGRAPHY: UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION MARKET, BY COMMUNICATION DEPTH, 2019–2022 (USD MILLION) 102
TABLE 61 HYDROGRAPHY: UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION MARKET, BY COMMUNICATION DEPTH, 2023–2028 (USD MILLION) 103
TABLE 62 HYDROGRAPHY: UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION MARKET, BY REGION, 2019–2022 (USD MILLION) 103
TABLE 63 HYDROGRAPHY: UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION MARKET, BY REGION, 2023–2028 (USD MILLION) 103
9.6 OCEANOGRAPHY 104
9.6.1 EXTENSIVE USE OF OCEANOGRAPHY FOR SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT 104
TABLE 64 OCEANOGRAPHY: UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION MARKET, BY END USER, 2019–2022 (USD MILLION) 104
TABLE 65 OCEANOGRAPHY: UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION MARKET, BY END USER, 2023–2028 (USD MILLION) 104
TABLE 66 OCEANOGRAPHY: UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION MARKET, BY COMMUNICATION DEPTH, 2019–2022 (USD MILLION) 105
TABLE 67 OCEANOGRAPHY: UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION MARKET, BY COMMUNICATION DEPTH, 2023–2028 (USD MILLION) 105
TABLE 68 OCEANOGRAPHY: UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION MARKET, BY REGION, 2019–2022 (USD MILLION) 105
TABLE 69 OCEANOGRAPHY: UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION MARKET, BY REGION, 2023–2028 (USD MILLION) 106
9.7 OTHERS 106
TABLE 70 OTHERS: UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION MARKET, BY END USER, 2019–2022 (USD MILLION) 106
TABLE 71 OTHERS: UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION MARKET, BY END USER, 2023–2028 (USD MILLION) 107
TABLE 72 OTHERS: UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION MARKET, BY COMMUNICATION DEPTH, 2019–2022 (USD MILLION) 107
TABLE 73 OTHERS: UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION MARKET, BY COMMUNICATION DEPTH, 2023–2028 (USD MILLION) 107
TABLE 74 OTHERS: UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION MARKET, BY REGION, 2019–2022 (USD MILLION) 108
TABLE 75 OTHERS: UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION MARKET, BY REGION, 2023–2028 (USD MILLION) 108
10 UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION MARKET, BY END USER 109
10.1 INTRODUCTION 110
FIGURE 34 OIL & GAS SEGMENT TO REGISTER HIGHEST CAGR IN UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION MARKET DURING FORECAST PERIOD 110
TABLE 76 UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION MARKET, BY END USER, 2019–2022 (USD MILLION) 110
TABLE 77 UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION MARKET, BY END USER, 2023–2028 (USD MILLION) 111
10.2 OIL & GAS 111
10.2.1 GROWING NEED FOR RELIABLE COMMUNICATION IN OIL & GAS INDUSTRY 111
TABLE 78 OIL & GAS: UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION MARKET, BY APPLICATION, 2019–2022 (USD MILLION) 112
TABLE 79 OIL & GAS: UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION MARKET, BY APPLICATION, 2023–2028 (USD MILLION) 112
TABLE 80 OIL & GAS: UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION MARKET, BY REGION, 2019–2022 (USD MILLION) 112
TABLE 81 OIL & GAS: UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION MARKET, BY REGION, 2023–2028 (USD MILLION) 113
10.3 MILITARY & DEFENSE 113
10.3.1 INCREASED SPENDING ON DEFENSE SECTOR 113
TABLE 82 MILITARY & DEFENSE: UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION MARKET, BY APPLICATION, 2019–2022 (USD MILLION) 114
TABLE 83 MILITARY & DEFENSE: UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION MARKET, BY APPLICATION, 2023–2028 (USD MILLION) 114
TABLE 84 MILITARY & DEFENSE: UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION MARKET, BY REGION, 2019–2022 (USD MILLION) 114
TABLE 85 MILITARY & DEFENSE: UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION MARKET, BY REGION, 2023–2028 (USD MILLION) 115
10.4 HOMELAND SECURITY 115
10.4.1 INCREASED DEPLOYMENT OF UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC SENSORS IN DEFENSE SYSTEMS OF CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURES 115
TABLE 86 HOMELAND SECURITY: UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION MARKET, BY APPLICATION, 2019–2022 (USD MILLION) 116
TABLE 87 HOMELAND SECURITY: UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION MARKET, BY APPLICATION, 2023–2028 (USD MILLION) 116
FIGURE 35 ASIA PACIFIC TO REGISTER HIGHEST CAGR IN UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION MARKET FOR HOMELAND SECURITY SEGMENT DURING FORECAST PERIOD 117
TABLE 88 HOMELAND SECURITY: UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION MARKET, BY REGION, 2019–2022 (USD MILLION) 117
TABLE 89 HOMELAND SECURITY: UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION MARKET, BY REGION, 2023–2028 (USD MILLION) 117
10.5 SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT 118
10.5.1 GROWING USE OF SEA EXPLORATION AND OCEAN MAPPING SYSTEMS IN SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT FOR UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION 118
TABLE 90 SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT: UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION MARKET, BY APPLICATION, 2019–2022 (USD MILLION) 118
TABLE 91 SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT: UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION MARKET, BY APPLICATION, 2023–2028 (USD MILLION) 119
TABLE 92 SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT: UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION MARKET, BY REGION, 2019–2022 (USD MILLION) 119
TABLE 93 SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT: UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION MARKET, BY REGION, 2023–2028 (USD MILLION) 119
10.6 MARINE 120
10.6.1 RISING NEED FOR UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION IN MARINE CONSERVATION 120
FIGURE 36 POLLUTION MONITORING SEGMENT TO REGISTER HIGHEST CAGR IN UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION MARKET FOR MARINE SEGMENT DURING FORECAST PERIOD 120
TABLE 94 MARINE: UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION MARKET, BY APPLICATION, 2019–2022 (USD MILLION) 121
TABLE 95 MARINE: UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION MARKET, BY APPLICATION, 2023–2028 (USD MILLION) 121
TABLE 96 MARINE: UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION MARKET, BY REGION, 2019–2022 (USD MILLION) 121
TABLE 97 MARINE: UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION MARKET, BY REGION, 2023–2028 (USD MILLION) 122
11 UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION MARKET, BY REGION 123
11.1 INTRODUCTION 124
FIGURE 37 ASIA PACIFIC TO REGISTER HIGHEST CAGR IN UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION MARKET DURING FORECAST PERIOD 124
TABLE 98 UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION MARKET, BY REGION, 2019–2022 (USD MILLION) 124
TABLE 99 UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION MARKET, BY REGION, 2023–2028 (USD MILLION) 125
11.2 NORTH AMERICA 125
FIGURE 38 NORTH AMERICA: SNAPSHOT OF UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION MARKET 126
TABLE 100 NORTH AMERICA: UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION MARKET, BY APPLICATION, 2019–2022 (USD MILLION) 127
TABLE 101 NORTH AMERICA: UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION MARKET, BY APPLICATION, 2023–2028 (USD MILLION) 127
TABLE 102 NORTH AMERICA: UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION MARKET, BY END USER, 2019–2022 (USD MILLION) 127
TABLE 103 NORTH AMERICA: UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION MARKET, BY END USER, 2023–2028 (USD MILLION) 128
TABLE 104 NORTH AMERICA: UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION MARKET, BY COUNTRY, 2019–2022 (USD MILLION) 128
TABLE 105 NORTH AMERICA: UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION MARKET, BY COUNTRY, 2023–2028 (USD MILLION) 128
11.2.1 US 129
11.2.1.1 Increasing offshore activities and spending by US Navy 129
11.2.2 CANADA 129
11.2.2.1 Expanding oil & gas industry 129
11.2.3 MEXICO 129
11.2.3.1 Growing adoption of autonomous underwater vehicles (AUVs) 129
11.3 EUROPE 130
FIGURE 39 EUROPE: SNAPSHOT OF UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION MARKET 130
TABLE 106 EUROPE: UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION MARKET, BY APPLICATION, 2019–2022 (USD MILLION) 131
TABLE 107 EUROPE: UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION MARKET, BY APPLICATION, 2023–2028 (USD MILLION) 131
TABLE 108 EUROPE: UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION MARKET, BY END USER, 2019–2022 (USD MILLION) 131
TABLE 109 EUROPE: UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION MARKET, BY END USER, 2023–2028 (USD MILLION) 132
TABLE 110 EUROPE: UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION MARKET, BY COUNTRY, 2019–2022 (USD MILLION) 132
TABLE 111 EUROPE: UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION MARKET, BY COUNTRY, 2023–2028 (USD MILLION) 132
11.3.1 GERMANY 133
11.3.1.1 Increasing use of ROVs in offshore drilling activities 133
11.3.2 UK 133
11.3.2.1 Increasing use of UUVs in defense sector to combat maritime threats 133
11.3.3 FRANCE 133
11.3.3.1 Increased investments by French Navy in deployment of UUVs 133
11.3.4 ITALY 134
11.3.4.1 Rising R&D investments 134
11.3.5 SPAIN 134
11.3.5.1 Growing adoption of UUVs to control and monitor sea traffic 134
11.3.6 REST OF EUROPE 134
11.4 ASIA PACIFIC 134
FIGURE 40 ASIA PACIFIC: SNAPSHOT OF UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION MARKET 135
TABLE 112 ASIA PACIFIC: UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION MARKET, BY APPLICATION, 2019–2022 (USD MILLION) 136
TABLE 113 ASIA PACIFIC: UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION MARKET, BY APPLICATION, 2023–2028 (USD MILLION) 136
TABLE 114 ASIA PACIFIC: UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION MARKET, BY END USER, 2019–2022 (USD MILLION) 136
TABLE 115 ASIA PACIFIC: UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION MARKET, BY END USER, 2023–2028 (USD MILLION) 137
TABLE 116 ASIA PACIFIC: UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION MARKET, BY COUNTRY, 2019–2022 (USD MILLION) 137
TABLE 117 ASIA PACIFIC: UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION MARKET, BY COUNTRY, 2023–2028 (USD MILLION) 137
11.4.1 CHINA 138
11.4.1.1 Growing adoption of unmanned systems in marine industry 138
11.4.2 JAPAN 138
11.4.2.1 Increased border and security concerns 138
11.4.3 INDIA 138
11.4.3.1 Increased offshore oil and gas production 138
11.4.4 REST OF ASIA PACIFIC 138
11.5 ROW 139
TABLE 118 ROW: UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION MARKET, BY APPLICATION, 2019–2022 (USD MILLION) 139
TABLE 119 ROW: UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION MARKET, BY APPLICATION, 2023–2028 (USD MILLION) 139
TABLE 120 ROW: UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION MARKET, BY END USER, 2019–2022 (USD MILLION) 140
TABLE 121 ROW: UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION MARKET, BY END USER, 2023–2028 (USD MILLION) 140
TABLE 122 ROW: UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION MARKET, BY REGION, 2019-2022 (USD MILLION) 140
TABLE 123 ROW: UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION MARKET, BY REGION, 2023–2028 (USD MILLION) 141
11.5.1 MIDDLE EAST & AFRICA 141
11.5.1.1 Increased use of underwater acoustic communication in oil & gas industry 141
11.5.2 SOUTH AMERICA 141
11.5.2.1 High government-led investments in oil & gas exploration 141
12 COMPETITIVE LANDSCAPE 142
12.1 OVERVIEW 142
12.2 STRATEGIES ADOPTED BY KEY PLAYERS/RIGHT TO WIN 142
TABLE 124 OVERVIEW OF STRATEGIES ADOPTED BY KEY PLAYERS IN UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION MARKET 142
12.3 REVENUE ANALYSIS OF TOP FIVE PLAYERS 144
FIGURE 41 FIVE-YEAR ANNUAL SEGMENTAL REVENUE OF TOP FIVE PLAYERS IN UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION MARKET, 2017–2021 144
12.4 MARKET SHARE ANALYSIS OF KEY PLAYERS IN UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION MARKET, 2021 144
FIGURE 42 MARKET SHARE ANALYSIS OF KEY PLAYERS IN UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION MARKET, 2021 144
TABLE 125 UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION MARKET: DEGREE OF COMPETITION 145
FIGURE 43 UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION MARKET: RANKING ANALYSIS 145
12.5 COMPANY EVALUATION QUADRANT, 2021 146
12.5.1 STARS 146
12.5.2 EMERGING LEADERS 146
12.5.3 PERVASIVE PLAYERS 146
12.5.4 PARTICIPANTS 146
FIGURE 44 UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION MARKET (GLOBAL): COMPANY EVALUATION QUADRANT, 2021 147

12.6 COMPETITIVE BENCHMARKING 148
TABLE 126 COMPANY APPLICATION FOOTPRINT (21 COMPANIES) 148
TABLE 127 COMPANY REGIONAL FOOTPRINT (21 COMPANIES) 149
TABLE 128 OVERALL COMPANY FOOTPRINT 150
12.7 STARTUP/SMALL AND MEDIUM-SIZED ENTERPRISE (SME) EVALUATION QUADRANT, 2021 151
12.7.1 PROGRESSIVE COMPANIES 151
12.7.2 RESPONSIVE COMPANIES 151
12.7.3 DYNAMIC COMPANIES 151
12.7.4 STARTING BLOCKS 151
FIGURE 45 UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION MARKET (GLOBAL): STARTUP/SME EVALUATION QUADRANT, 2021 152
TABLE 129 UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION MARKET: LIST OF KEY STARTUPS/SMES 153
TABLE 130 UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION MARKET: COMPETITIVE BENCHMARKING OF KEY STARTUPS/SMES 153
12.8 COMPETITIVE SCENARIO AND TRENDS 154
12.8.1 PRODUCT LAUNCHES 154
TABLE 131 UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION MARKET: PRODUCT LAUNCHES, 2020–2022 154
12.8.2 DEALS 155
TABLE 132 UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION MARKET: DEALS, 2020–2022 155
13 COMPANY PROFILES 157
13.1 INTRODUCTION 157
13.2 KEY PLAYERS 157
(Business Overview, Products Offered, Recent Developments, and MnM View)*
13.2.1 TELEDYNE TECHNOLOGIES INCORPORATED 157
TABLE 133 TELEDYNE TECHNOLOGIES INCORPORATED: COMPANY OVERVIEW 158
FIGURE 46 TELEDYNE TECHNOLOGIES INCORPORATED: COMPANY SNAPSHOT 158
TABLE 134 TELEDYNE TECHNOLOGIES INCORPORATED: PRODUCT LAUNCHES 159
TABLE 135 TELEDYNE TECHNOLOGIES INCORPORATED: DEALS 160
13.2.2 KONGSBERG 161
TABLE 136 KONGSBERG: COMPANY OVERVIEW 161
FIGURE 47 KONGSBERG: COMPANY SNAPSHOT 162
TABLE 137 KONGSBERG: PRODUCT LAUNCHES 163
TABLE 138 KONGSBERG: DEALS 164
13.2.3 THALES 165
TABLE 139 THALES: COMPANY OVERVIEW 165
FIGURE 48 THALES: COMPANY SNAPSHOT 166
TABLE 140 THALES: DEALS 167
13.2.4 L3HARRIS TECHNOLOGIES, INC. 168
TABLE 141 L3HARRIS TECHNOLOGIES, INC.: COMPANY OVERVIEW 168
FIGURE 49 L3HARRIS TECHNOLOGIES, INC.: COMPANY SNAPSHOT 169
13.2.5 ULTRA 171
TABLE 142 ULTRA: COMPANY OVERVIEW 171
FIGURE 50 ULTRA: COMPANY SNAPSHOT 172
TABLE 143 ULTRA: DEALS 173
13.2.6 SONARDYNE INTERNATIONAL 174
TABLE 144 SONARDYNE INTERNATIONAL: COMPANY OVERVIEW 174
TABLE 145 SONARDYNE INTERNATIONAL: PRODUCT LAUNCHES 175
TABLE 146 SONARDYNE INTERNATIONAL: DEALS 175
13.2.7 EVOLOGICS GMBH 176
TABLE 147 EVOLOGICS GMBH: COMPANY OVERVIEW 176
TABLE 148 EVOLOGICS GMBH: PRODUCT LAUNCHES 176
13.2.8 MOOG, INC. 177
TABLE 149 MOOG, INC.: COMPANY OVERVIEW 177
FIGURE 51 MOOG, INC.: COMPANY SNAPSHOT 178
13.2.9 NORTEK 179
TABLE 150 NORTEK: COMPANY OVERVIEW 179
TABLE 151 NORTEK: PRODUCT LAUNCHES 179
13.2.10 SHIMADZU CORPORATION 180
TABLE 152 SHIMADZU CORPORATION.: COMPANY OVERVIEW 180
FIGURE 52 SHIMADZU CORPORATION: COMPANY SNAPSHOT 181
TABLE 153 SHIMADZU CORPORATION: PRODUCT LAUNCHES 182
* Business Overview, Products Offered, Recent Developments, and MnM View might not be captured in case of unlisted companies.
13.3 OTHER PLAYERS 183
13.3.1 AQUATIC SENSOR NETWORK TECHNOLOGY 183
13.3.2 RTSYS 184
13.3.3 THELMA BIOTEL 184
13.3.4 HYDROACOUSTIC INC. 185
13.3.5 BALTROBOTICS 186
13.3.6 LINKQUEST INC. 187
13.3.7 DSPCOMM 188
13.3.8 JASCO APPLIED SCIENCES 189
13.3.9 DRUMGRANGE LTD 189
13.3.10 HYDROMEA 190
13.3.11 UNDERWATER COMMUNICATIONS & NAVIGATION LABORATORY 190
13.3.12 SAAB 191
13.3.13 SUBNERO PTE. LTD. 191
13.3.14 JPANALYTICS 192
13.3.15 DELRESEARCH LLC. 192

14 APPENDIX 193
14.1 DISCUSSION GUIDE 193
14.2 KNOWLEDGESTORE: MARKETSANDMARKETS’ SUBSCRIPTION PORTAL 196
14.3 CUSTOMIZATION OPTIONS 198
14.4 RELATED REPORTS 198
14.5 AUTHOR DETAILS 199


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